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Region: South America
Full Name: Suriname
Capital City: Paramaribo
Language Spoken: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
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4 00 N, 56 00 W
lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m
total: 1,703 km border countries: Brazil 593 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km
timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore
arable land: 0.36% permanent crops: 0.06% other: 99.58% (2005)
deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities
Tropical and humid, cooled by the northeast trade winds. The best time to visit is February to April (short dry season) and August to October (long dry season). The rainy seasons last from November to January and from May to July. Surinam lies outside the hurricane zone and the most extreme weather condition is the sibibusi (forest broom), a heavy rain shower. Required clothing Lightweights and rainwear.
time difference: UTC-3
439,117 (July 2006 est.)
0-14 years: 29% (male 65,412/female 62,069) 15-64 years: 64.7% (male 145,913/female 138,076) 65 years and over: 6.3% (male 12,223/female 15,424) (2006 est.)
total: 26.5 years male: 26 years female: 26.9 years (2006 est.)
0.2% (2006 est.)
18.02 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
7.27 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
-0.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
total population: 69.01 years male: 66.66 years female: 71.47 years (2006 est.)
2.32 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Business suits are worn, but due to the topical climate, casual clothing is acceptable at most business meetings (except those with senior government officials). Meetings with government officials are best arranged in the morning. Business entertainment largely takes place at dinners and cocktail parties. Business lunches do take place, but are not common. Working breakfasts are rare. Surinamers prefer establishing a comfortable working relationship first, as opposed to directly tackling business. Given the consensual nature of the Surinamese government, there is often a lengthy consultation process before a decision is reached. Office hours are typically 0700-1500 Monday to Friday and 0700-1430 Saturday.
As in many capital cities, burglary, armed robbery and violent crime exist in Paramaribo and in outlying areas. Crimes against people and property do occur regularly. Foreigners in general are viewed as targets of opportunity, but there has been no specific targeting of foreign visitors. While travel to the interior is generally trouble-free, there have been reports of tourists being robbed. Travelers proceeding to the interior are advised to make use of well-established tour companies for safer experiences. While there have been few reports of criminal incidents in the vicinities of the major hotels used by tourists, night walks outside the immediate vicinity of the hotels are not recommended. Visitors should avoid the Palm Garden or "Palmentuin" in the Dutch area after dark. It has no police presence and is commonly used for illicit activity. Pick-pocketing and robbery are on the rise in the major business and shopping districts in Paramaribo. Avoid wearing expensive jewelry or displaying large amounts of money in public. Make every attempt to change currency at hotels, local banks, or official money exchanges or "cambios". Do not exchanging currency on the street, as this is both dangerous and illegal. Theft from vehicles is infrequent, but does occur, especially in areas near the business district. Drivers are cautioned not to leave packages and other belongings in the vehicle in plain view. When driving, keep windows and doors locked. For safety reasons, use of public mini-buses is strongly discouraged. There is an emergency number, "115", for police, fire and rescue. Fire and rescue services provide a relatively timely response, but police response, especially during night-time hours, is a rarity for all but the most serious of crimes. There have been attacks on vehicles in the district of Marowijne, between the towns of Moengo and Albina; as a result, the Police Task Force has set up roadblocks on this road.
Paramaribo has a number of modern hotels with air-conditioning, but advance booking is essential due to the limited number of beds. Business travelers usually stay in one of two hotels in Paramaribo, the Hotel Torarica (tel (597) 471-500, fax (597) 411-682) or the Hotel Krasnapolsky (tel (597)475-050). At the Torarica, payment may be made by travelers check, cash or Diner's Club Card. Other credit cards are not accepted. Major credit cards are not widely accepted outside of the major hotels, nor are ATM cash machines widely available. Travelers should contact their intended hotel to confirm that credit cards are accepted.
Telephone IDD service is available in the country. The country code is 597 and the outgoing international code is 001. There are no area codes. Telephone and fax connections are generally good. Suriname is part of AT&T's world connect service and USA direct. In addition, a number of callback companies have recently been established in Suriname. Internet access is possible via the state telephone company, Telesur, and through several private companies. Electricity is a 110/220 volts AC, 60Hz. European round 2-pin plugs and screw-type lamp fittings are in use.
127 volts AC, 60Hz. European round two-pin plugs and screw-type lamp fittings are in use.
Owing to the diverse ethnic mixture of the population, Surinam offers a good variety of dishes including American, Chinese, Creole, European, Indian and Indonesian. Indonesian dishes are recommended, usually rijsttafel with rice (boiled or fried) and a number of spicy meat and vegetable side dishes, nasi goreng (Indonesian fried rice) and bami goreng (Indonesian fried noodles). Creole dishes include pom (ground tayer roots and poultry), pastei (chicken pie with various vegetables) and peanut soup. Indian dishes, such as roti (dough pancake) served with curried chicken and potatoes, and Chinese dishes, such as chow-mein and chop suey, are excellent. Moksi meti (various meats served on rice) is a local favorite.
Local drinks include the Indonesian Dawet (a coconut drink), Gemberbier (Creole ginger drink) and Pilsener Parbo Bier. There are some restaurants in Niew-Nickerie and Paramaribo, but they tend to be scarce outside the capital.
Hotels include 10 to 15 per cent service charge and restaurants may also add 10 per cent to the bill.
There are several nightclubs in Paramaribo, often attached to a hotel, with live music and dancing. There are also a number of discos and several cinemas, including a drive-in. In general, it is best to stick to the hotels unless accompanied by locals who know the reputations of other nightspots, in particular those out of the town center. The Local Events Bulletin lists all current activities and is usually available in hotels.
* Please see visa section Visa immigration information
Passport valid for at least six months after arrival required by all.
Required by all except the following:
(a) nationals of Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, The Gambia, Grenada, Guyana, Hong Kong (SAR), Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Korea (Rep), Malaysia, Netherlands Antilles (holding valid Netherlands passports), The Philippines, St Kitts & Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent & the Grenadines, Singapore, Switzerland and Trinidad & Tobago;
(b) transit passengers continuing their journey by the same or first connecting aircraft within 24 hours, provided holding onward or return documentation and not leaving the airport.
Note: Nationals staying for more than 24 hours need to get a transit visa on arrival at the airport.
Single-entry Tourist: US$30 (two months). Multiple-entry Tourist: US$60 (three to four months); US$90 (six months); US$175 (12 months). Business: US$45 (one month). Multiple-entry Business: US$90 (two months); US$270 (six months); US$540 (12 months).
Visas are usually for stays of up to three months, but check with the Consulate, as this is dependent on nationality. Extensions for a further three months are possible; apply at the Immigration Office in Uruguay.
Single-entry: two months; multiple-entry: up to one year.
(a) One completed, printed or typed, signed application form. (b) One current passport-size photo (in color and current, no three-minute photos; for children with no individual passport, a color photograph should be attached to the application form of the passport holder and their visa must also be paid for). (c) Valid passport. (d) Fee. (e) Self-addressed, stamped envelope with return postage for postal applications. (f) Photocopy of valid return ticket, if applicable. (g) For business trips, letter of invitation from company detailing purpose of trip, name of institute visited with contact details, plus approximate duration of stay, a completed business form and a guarantee or letter of reference.
Note: After arrival in Surinam, visitors are required to report to the Immigration Service within eight days at Police Precinct Nieuwe Haven, Van't Hogerhuysstraat, Paramaribo.
At least one week before departure and no earlier than eight weeks. Applicants are encouraged to apply with plenty of time in case the application merits further scrutiny from official bodies. However, some applications may only take one day to be processed if a rush fee is paid of US$50, or equivalent. .
No Test Required
US$35. Transit passengers and children under two years of age are exempt.
127 Pier House, 31 Cheyne Walk, London SE3 5HG
4301 Connecticut Avenue, Suite 460, NW, Washington, DC 20008, USA
Tel: or 244 7590/1/2.
Most visits to Surinam are trouble-free but you should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate international terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
Burglary, armed robbery and violent crime occur with some frequency in Paramaribo and in outlying areas.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organizations for the latest travel advice:
Tel: (0845) 850 2829.
Surinam Dollar (SRD; symbol S$) = 100 cents. Notes are in denominations of S$100, 50, 20, 10 and 5. Coins are in denominations of 250, 100, 25, 10, 5 and 1 cents. Note: On 1 January 2004, the Surinam Dollar replaced the Surinam Guilder as the new monetary system. The new currency will enable the Central Bank to re-value the present gulden system to a ratio of 1000 guldens per 1 Surinam Dollar, and not have to differentiate between old and new guldens. The existing gulden coins will not have to be re-issued but will maintain their value and be incorporated into the new system. Surinam Dollars are tied to US Dollars. Old The government has kept the SRD exchange rate relatively stable since its inception, at around 2.7 SRD per U.S. dollar. Surinamese bank notes can only be exchanged at the Central Bank. (Formerly, the monetary system in Surinam was: Surinam Guilder (SG) = 100 cents. Notes are in denominations of SG25,000, 10,000, 5000, 2000, 1000, 100, 25, 10 and 5. Coins are in denominations of 25, 10 and 5 cents.)
The import of foreign and local currency is unlimited, provided amounts in excess of US$10,000 are declared on arrival. On departure, the imported foreign currency can be exported again, up to the amount declared on arrival. The export of local currency is limited to SRD$1000.
Surinam Dollars are the only legal tender; since the introduction of the new monetary system from the former gulden system, gulden coins are still in circulation, however they have been re-valued to a ratio of 1000 guldens per 1 Surinam Dollar. The Central Bank is authorized to exchange money.
American Express and MasterCard are the most widely accepted credit cards; Diners Club has limited acceptance. Check with your credit or debit card company for merchant acceptability and other facilities which may be available.
Must be changed at banks. To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travellers are advised to take travellers cheques in Pounds Sterling or US Dollars.
|City/Region||City/Area code||Followed by|
|Central and East Suriname||(0)3||+ 5 digits|
|Paramaribo||(0)4||+ 5 digits|
|West Suriname||(0)2||+ 5 digits|
Avoid dental treatment in Suriname as the standards of care and hygiene cannot be guaranteed.
Medication in short supply and even when available is often out of date or heat damaged and therefore should be avoided
Blood supplies should be considered as unsafe
Medical care, including emergency medical care, is limited and does not meet Western standards. Most hospitals are open-air facilities. However, private rooms with air conditioning are available at extra cost. There is one public emergency room in Paramaribo, which in mid-1999 was without a neurosurgeon, and other medical specialists may not always be available. A small ambulance fleet provides emergency transport. Emergency medical care outside of Paramaribo is limited and is virtually non-existent in the interior.
Recent medical and dental exams should ensure that the traveler is in good health. Carry appropriate health and accident insurance documents and copies of any important medical records. Bring an adequate supply of all prescription and other medications as well as any necessary personal hygiene items, including a spare pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses if necessary. Drink only bottled beverages (including water) or beverages made with boiled water. Do not use ice cubes or eat raw seafood, rare meat or dairy products. Eat well-cooked foods while they are still hot and fruits that can be peeled without contamination. Avoid roadside stands and street vendors. Swim only in well-maintained, chlorinated pools or ocean water known to be free from pollution; avoid freshwater lakes, streams and rivers. Wear clothing which reduces exposed skin and apply repellents containing DEET to remaining areas. Sleep in well-screened accommodations. Carry anti-diarrheal medication. Reduce problems related to sun exposure by using sunglasses, wide-brimmed hats, sunscreen lotions and lip protection.
AIDS occurs. Blood supply may not be adequately screened and/or single-use, disposable needles and syringes may be unavailable. When possible, travelers should defer medical treatment until reaching a facility where safety can be assured.
Cholera: Although limited in effectiveness, vaccination may be appropriate for persons living and/or working in less than sanitary conditions for more than 3 months where medical facilities are unavailable. Vaccination may also be appropriate for travelers with impaired gastric defenses who are planning an extended visit or being exposed to unsanitary conditions. Vaccination is not advised for pregnant women, infants younger than 6 months old, or persons with a history of severe reaction to the vaccine. Hepatitis A: Consider active immunization with hepatitis A vaccine or passive immunization with immune globulin (IG) for all susceptible travelers. Especially consider choosing active immunization for persons planning to reside for a long period or for persons who take frequent short-term trips to risk areas. The importance of protection against hepatitis A increases as length of stay increases. It is particularly important for persons who will be living in or visiting rural areas, eating or drinking in settings of poor or uncertain sanitation, or who will have close contact with local persons (especially young children) in settings with poor sanitary conditions. Hepatitis B: Vaccination is advised for health care workers, persons anticipating direct contact with blood from or sexual contact with inhabitants, and persons planning extended stays of 6 months or greater (especially those who anticipate using local health care facilities, staying in rural areas, or having intimate contact with the local population). Rabies: Preexposure vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 30 days who are expected to be at risk to bites from domestic and/or wild animals (particularly dogs), or for persons engaged in high risk activities such as spelunking or animal handling. Need for vaccination is more important if potential exposure is in rural areas and if adequate postexposure care is not readily available. Typhoid: Vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 3 weeks, adventurous eaters, and those who will venture off the usual tourist routes into small cities, villages and rural areas. Importance of vaccination increases as access to reasonable medical care becomes limited. Contraindications depend on vaccine type. Yellow fever: Vaccination is recommended for travelers over 9 months of age going outside of urban areas. Note: All routine vaccines (such as DTP or Td, Hib, MMR, polio, varicella, influenza and pneumococcal) should be kept up-to-date as a matter of good health practice unrelated to travel.
Insect-borne illness: these diseases are an important cause of ill health in rural areas. Dengue fever - occurs Encephalitis - occurs Filariasis (Bancroftian type) - prevalent Leishmaniasis (cutaneous and mucocutaneous) - occurs Malaria - common Trypanosomiasis (Chagas' disease) - occurs Food-borne and water-borne illness: these diseases are common and include amoebiasis, diarrheal diseases, helminthic infections, and viral hepatitis. Cholera - occurs Echinococcosis (hydatid disease) - occurs Schistosomiasis (intestinal form) - common Other hazards: Diseases such as measles and diphtheria are commonly reported. Influenza risk extends throughout the year. Rabies - occurs
Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travelers coming from infected areas.
No recent disease outbreaks