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Region: Asia & Oceania
Full Name: Tuvalu
Capital City: Funafuti
Language Spoken: Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
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8 00 S, 178 00 E
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed location 5 m
severe tropical storms are usually rare, but, in 1997, there were three cyclones; low level of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level
arable land: 0% permanent crops: 66.67% other: 33.33% (2005)
since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities (the Japanese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is concerned about global increases in greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table; in 2000, the government appealed to Australia and New Zealand to take in Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary
time difference: UTC+12 note: administrative offices are located in Vaiaku Village on Fongafale Islet
11,810 (July 2006 est.)
0-14 years: 30.2% (male 1,819/female 1,752) 15-64 years: 64.7% (male 3,715/female 3,923) 65 years and over: 5.1% (male 228/female 373) (2006 est.)
total: 24.6 years male: 23.6 years female: 26 years (2006 est.)
1.51% (2006 est.)
22.18 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
7.11 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
total population: 68.32 years male: 66.08 years female: 70.66 years (2006 est.)
2.98 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Business meeting in Tuvalu is somewhat formal by South Pacific standards, perhaps due to the strong influence of the Congregationalists Protestant church. Office hours are 0730-1615 Monday to Thursday and 0730-1245 Friday
Some petty crime and domestic violence occurs in Tuvalu, but even this is rare and unlikely to affect visitors.
There is only one in Tuvalu hotel, the government-owned Vaiaku Lagi Hotel, which overlooks the Funafuti lagoon. The 17 rooms all have lagoon views and private shower. All-inclusive packages are available. Four guesthouses and lodges (Fisherman's Lodge, Hideaway GuestHouse, Su's Place GuestHouse and Filamona Lodge) provide simple accommodation with meals.
Telephone IDD service is available for incoming calls. Country code: 688. Tuvalu has recently acquired satellite communications technology and international phone calls can be made from most of the islands. Fax services are available at the Telecommunication Center in Funafuti and in hotels.
is 240 volts AC, 60Hz in Funafuti only. (Outlying areas do not generally have electricity or are served by local generators.) Electricity
No Test Required
Funafuti British High Commission staff are resident at Suva.
British High Commission
47 Gladstone Road
PO Box 1355
Telephone: (679) 3229100 (switchboard)
Facsimile: (679) 322 9132
Email: consularsuva@FCDO.gov.uk Consular Section
visasuva@FCDO.gov.uk Visa Section
passportsuva@FCDO.gov.uk Passport Section
projectssuva@FCDO.gov.uk Projects Section
educationsuva@FCDO.gov.uk Education Section
managementsuva@FCDO.gov.uk Management Section
tradeinvestmentsuva@FCDO.gov.uk Trade & Investment Section
pbcc@FCDO.gov.uk Pacific British Chamber of Commerce
publicdiplomacysuva@FCDO.gov.uk Public Diplomacy Section
Office Hours: GMT:
Sun-Wed: 2000-1240 / 0100-0400
Mon-Thurs: 0800-1240 / 1300-1600
Tuvaluan Honorary Consulate, Tuvalu House, 230 Worple Road, London SW20 8RH
|City/Region||City/Area code||Followed by|
|Funafuti||22||+ 3 digits|
|Nanumaga||34||+ 3 digits|
|Nanumea||27||+ 3 digits|
|Niulakita||25||+ 3 digits|
|Niutao||29||+ 3 digits|
|Nui||24||+ 3 digits|
|Nukufetau||37||+ 3 digits|
|Nukulaelae||35||+ 3 digits|
|Vaitupu||32||+ 3 digits|
There is little or no dental care available in Tuvalu
Medication on the islands is in short supply and even when available the quality cannot be guaranteed. The only pharmacy in the capital - Funafuti is at the hospital there.
Blood supplies should be considered as unsafe
Limited medical and dental clinics are available in the capital, Funafuti.
Recent medical and dental exams should ensure that the traveler is in good health. Carry appropriate health and accident insurance documents and copies of any important medical records. Bring an adequate supply of all prescription and other medications as well as any necessary personal hygiene items, including a spare pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses if necessary. Drink only bottled beverages (including water) or beverages made with boiled water. Do not use ice cubes or eat raw seafood, rare meat or dairy products. Eat well-cooked foods while they are still hot and fruits that can be peeled without contamination. Avoid roadside stands and street vendors. Swim only in well-maintained, chlorinated pools or ocean water known to be free from pollution. Wear clothing which reduces exposed skin and apply repellents containing DEET to remaining areas. Sleep in well-screened accommodations. Carry anti-diarrheal medication. Reduce problems related to sun exposure by using sunglasses, wide-brimmed hats, sunscreen lotions and lip protection.
AIDS occurs. Blood supply may not be adequately screened and/or single-use, disposable needles and syringes may be unavailable. When possible, travelers should defer medical treatment until reaching a facility where safety can be assured. Hazards to bathers include corals and jellyfish, poisonous fish, and sea snakes.
Cholera: Although limited in effectiveness, vaccination may be appropriate for persons living and/or working in less than sanitary conditions for more than 3 months where medical facilities are unavailable. Vaccination may also be appropriate for travelers with impaired gastric defenses who are planning an extended visit or being exposed to unsanitary conditions. Vaccination is not advised for pregnant women, infants younger than 6 months old, or persons with a history of severe reaction to the vaccine. Hepatitis A: Consider active immunization with hepatitis A vaccine or passive immunization with immune globulin (IG) for all susceptible travelers. Especially consider choosing active immunization for persons planning to reside for a long period or for persons who take frequent short-term trips to risk areas. The importance of protection against hepatitis A increases as length of stay increases. It is particularly important for persons who will be living in or visiting rural areas, eating or drinking in settings of poor or uncertain sanitation, or who will have close contact with local persons (especially young children) in settings with poor sanitary conditions. Hepatitis B: Vaccination is advised for health care workers, persons anticipating direct contact with blood from or sexual contact with inhabitants, and persons planning extended stays of 6 months or greater (especially those who anticipate using local health care facilities, staying in rural areas, or having intimate contact with the local population). Typhoid: Vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 3 weeks, adventurous eaters, and those who will venture off the usual tourist routes into small cities, villages and rural areas. Importance of vaccination increases as access to reasonable medical care becomes limited. Contraindications depend on vaccine type. Note: All routine vaccines (such as DTP or Td, Hib, MMR, polio, varicella, influenza and pneumococcal) should be kept up-to-date as a matter of good health practice unrelated to travel.
Insect-borne illness: Dengue fever - occurs (epidemic last reported in May 1989) Dengue hemorrhagic fever - occurs Filariasis - prevalent Food-borne and water-borne illness: diseases such as the diarrheal diseases, the typhoid fevers and helminthic infections are common. Biointoxication may occur from raw or cooked fish and shellfish. Cholera - occurs Hepatitis - occurs Other hazards: Diseases such as measles and diphtheria are commonly reported. Influenza risk extends throughout the year.
No recent disease outbreaks
The Government Broadcasting and Information Division publishes Sikuleo o Tuvalu (in Tuvaluan) and Tuvalu Echoes (in English, on a fortnightly basis). BBC World Service frequencies are MHz; 15.36; 11.95; 9.740; 7.145 and Voice of America frequencies are MHz 17.74 15.19 11.87 9.525. These are subject to change