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Full Name: Republic of Ghana
Capital City: Accra
Language Spoken: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
Get travel insurance to Ghana from Direct Travel Insurance. We offer low cost and high quality travel insurance to Ghana and most of the world.
8 00 N, 2 00 W
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m
total: 2,094 km border countries: Burkina Faso 549 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km
dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts
gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
arable land: 17.54% permanent crops: 9.22% other: 73.24% (2005)
recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water
A tropical climate, hot and humid in the north and in the forest land of Ashanti and southwest plains. There are two rainy seasons in Ghana: from March to July and from September to October. Required clothing Tropical lightweight clothing. Sunglasses are advisable.
time difference: UTC 0
22,409,572 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
0-14 years: 38.8% (male 4,395,744/female 4,288,720) 15-64 years: 57.7% (male 6,450,828/female 6,483,781) 65 years and over: 3.5% (male 371,428/female 419,071) (2006 est.)
total: 19.9 years male: 19.7 years female: 20.1 years (2006 est.)
2.07% (2006 est.)
30.52 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
9.72 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
-0.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female total population: 1 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
total population: 58.87 years male: 58.07 years female: 59.69 years (2006 est.)
3.99 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Generally, Ghanaian business customs are similar to those in Europe and North America, but are a bit more formal. Most Ghanaian businessmen wear business suits during working hours, but resort to traditional attire for social functions. Many businesswomen often wear African attire during business hours and for social functions as well. Lightweight summer clothing is appropriate year round and the use of an umbrella is essential during the June to August rainy season, although Accra gets less rain than most parts of the country. English is the official language and it is used in most business transactions. Most urban Ghanaians speak some English. Through some favors, which may seem normal in Ghana, it is quite easy to make friends in Ghana who could facilitate business transactions. This behavior in some cases goes beyond proper business ethics and may amount to bribery. With the exception of high-ranking officials such as government ministers, it is relatively easy to arrange calls on local businessmen and government officials. Through its Gold Key Service the FCS can arrange appointments upon request. Business cards are widely used. They range from the simple: black and white, standard 2" x 3.5" cards, to colorful: oversized, multi-colored cards with fancy logos. In recent years, U.S. citizens have reported substantial financial losses from questionable transactions involving gold and other precious metals. The Government of Ghana maintains strict regulations on these natural resources. All agents must be licensed and all transactions must be certified. Office hours are 0800-1200 and 1400-1700 Monday to Friday and 0830-1200 Saturday.
Pickpocketing, purse snatching, and various types of scams are the most common forms of crime confronting visitors. U.S. travelers have reported instances of these types of theft in crowded market areas, beaches and parks, and at tourist attractions. Travelers who limit their display of jewelry and handle their cash discreetly reduce their vulnerability to crime. Foreign nationals are expected to carry documentation of their status, such as a passport and visa.
Hotels in Accra range from 1-star to 5-star. The quality of hotel accommodations in other cities also varies widely. The hotels most used by business travelers are: Accra Novotel Hotel, Independence Road, Tel: 667546, Fax: 667533, E-mail: email@example.com Labadi Beach Hotel, Labadi Road, Tel: 772501/772507/774502, Fax: 772520, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Shangri-La, Liberation Road, Tel: 777500/776993/4, Fax: 774873, E-mail: shangri.com.gh Wangara Hotel, Labone, Tel: 772723/772525/779250-2/772585/6, Fax: 772438, E-mail: email@example.com Other less expensive but adequate hotels are also available in Accra.
Telephone IDD service has recently become available to major cities. Country code: 233. Outgoing international code: 00. Rehabilitation and modernization are still in progress. Ghana has about 100,000 telephone lines. Currently, services are provided by Ghana Telecom Limited and three mobile cellular phone operators. Several privately owned communication centers that provide pay phone services are found in all major cities. Prepaid calling cards for both local and international calls can be purchased from travel agents, post offices, and gas stations. There is a 24-hour fax service in Accra. Ghana is now on line. Three Internet service providers (ISPs) offer a full range of on-line services. NCS (Network Computer Systems - (tel. 238218,225472); AfricaOnline (, tel. 226802); and Internet Ghana (tel. 227654, 232881). The electric current is 230 volts, 50 cycles. Electric equipment used is 220v/240v. Single phase, 3-pin plugs are used in larger buildings. Older buildings have 2-pin plugs. Light bulbs are of the bayonet type.
220 volts AC, 50Hz; usually three-pin plugs. Single phase three-pin plugs are used in larger buildings. Older buildings have two-pin plugs. Light bulbs are of the bayonet type.
International food is available in most large hotels and many restaurants serve a range of local traditional foods. In Accra there are also restaurants serving Middle Eastern, Chinese, French and other European cuisine.
? Kenkey, hot peppers and fried fish, eaten mostly in the Accra region.
? On the coast, prawns and other seafood are popular.
? Akyeke, cassava couscous served with avocado.
? Fufu, pounded cassava beans, yam, plantain or rice, usually accompanies traditional soups (palmnut, groundnut), Kontomere and Okro (stews).
? Fante fante, popular in the central regions is a palm oil stew with small fish.
? Akrantee, bushmeat.
? Green green snails.
? Nkontomire, yam leaf soup. National drinks:
? Pito is a beer brewed in the Northern region made from millet.
? Zom koom, toasted millet flour in water.
? Palm wine.
? Coconut juice.
Tipping is permitted, it is not usually included in the bill.
In Accra and other major centers, there are nightclubs with Western popular music and Afro beat. Concerts can be seen at the national theater in Accra. The School of Performing Arts, University of Ghana, Legon often hosts drama, poetry and cultural dancing shows. Foreign and Ghanaian films can be seen at the Ghana Film Theater and Executive Film House in Accra.
Passport valid for six months required by all except nationals of ECOWAS countries who will be allowed entry with a valid travel certificate.
Required by all except the following for stays of up to three months:
(a) nationals of ECOWAS countries;
(b) nationals of Egypt, Hong Kong (SAR), Kenya, Mauritius and Singapore;
(c) those in transit to a third country traveling within 24 hours, as long as they hold onward tickets with reserved seats and do not leave the airport.
The following nationals may obtain visas upon arrival at the port of entry: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.
Tourist/Business: US$52 (single-entry); US$69 (multiple-entry; six months); US$103 (multiple-entry; one year); US$120 (multiple-entry; two years); Transit: US$17
Valid for three months from the date of issue. However, length of stay is at the discretion of airport officials and only one month is guaranteed. Visas may be extended when in Ghana. Visas for one year may be granted for specific purposes.
Consulate (or Consular section at Embassy or High Commission); postal applications are accepted; see Passport/Visa Information for details. A visa can be issued on arrival to nationals of countries without a Ghanaian Mission or Consulate, but only if prior notice is given to the Director of Immigration by the traveller or their sponsor prior to arrival; see Passport/Visa Information.
(a) Valid passport. (b) Completed entry permit application form, two copies, or four if making a postal application. (c) Two passport-size photos, or four if making a postal application. (d) For postal applications, registered or recorded self-addressed envelope. (e) Fee (payable by cash, postal order or bankers' draft made payable to the High Commission; cash is not valid for postal applications). (f) Evidence of onward/return ticket. (g) Evidence of sufficient funds. (h) If traveling at invitation of host in Ghana, a letter of invitation should be submitted. (i) Valid certificate of inoculation against Yellow Fever, if applicable. Business: (a)-(i) and, (j) Letter of guarantee from a company in support of the application (the letter should explain the nature of business the applicant will be conducting in Ghana).
Four for personal, a minimum of 10 for postal applications.
Application with sufficient notice to be made to High Commission or Embassy.
Single parents or other adults traveling alone with children should note that some countries require documentary evidence of parental responsibility before allowing lone parents to enter the country or in some cases before permitting the children to leave the country, for exact requirements contact the Ghanaian Consulate (see Passport/Visa Information).
No Test Required
Ghana High Comission, 13 Belgrave Square, London SW1X 8PN
(Previously 104 Highgate Hill, London N6 5HE, UK)
Tel: (020) 8342 7500 or 7580; (020) 8342 7580 or 7558 or 7501 (Visa section).
Consulate opening hours: Mon-Fri 0930-1300 (visa collection).
19 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017, USA
Tel: (212) 832 1300.
Director of Immigration, Private Mail Bag, Ministries Post Office, Accra
Tel: 21 221 667 or 225 321 or 224 445.
The Government of Ghana lifted the state of emergency in the Tamale municipality and Yendi District of the Northern Region of Ghana in July 2004, which had been in effect for two and a half years following an outbreak of inter-ethnic fighting at Yendi. However, travelers considering traveling to the Northern Region should remain alert to the potential for new outbreaks of fighting. It is recommended you keep in touch with daily developments through the local media.
Violent crime can occur at any time. While most visits to Ghana are trouble-free, travelers are advised to exercise a high level of vigilance in public areas, and when traveling by road.
You should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organizations for the latest travel advice:
Cedi (GHC) = 100 pesewas. Notes are in denominations of GHC20,000, 10,000, 5000, 2000 and 1000. Coins are in denominations of 500, 200, 100 and 50 pesewas. The Cedi is pegged to the US$ at an adjustable rate.
The import of local currency is limited to amounts which have previously been permitted to be taken out of the country and this must be noted in the passport/travel documents; it must also be declared. Unused local currency can be re-exchanged on proof of authorized exchange, and visitors are advised to retain all currency exchange receipts. The export of local currency is limited to GHC5000. The import of foreign currency is unlimited, subject to declaration (on exchange control form T5 which must be retained to record transactions). The export of foreign currency is limited to US$5000.
The exchange rate system has been liberalized and foreign currency is freely available through authorized dealers including banks and foreign exchange bureaux. Cash is exchanged at a more preferential rate than traveller's cheques.
Credit cards (mainly American Express, Dinners Club and Visa) are accepted by leading hotels, restaurants, banks, businesses and some shops. Check with your credit or debit card company for details of merchant acceptability and other services which may be available. Some banks may give cash advances against leading cards. However, those using credit cards should be aware that credit card fraud is common. In large urban areas such as Accra and Kumasi ATMs are commonplace.
To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travelers are advised to take traveller's cheques in US Dollars or Pounds Sterling. Traveller's cheques can be exchanged in large hotels, banks and foreign exchange bureaux.
|City/Region||City/Area code||Followed by|
|Aburi||(0)876||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Accra||(0)21||+ 6 digit subscriber nr|
|Ada||(0)968||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Aflao||(0)962||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Akatsi / Kete-Krachi||(0)953||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Akim Oda||(0)882||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Akosombo||(0)251||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Asankragua||(0)392||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Axim||(0)342||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Bawku||(0)743||+ 4 digit subscriber nr|
|Bekwai||(0)572||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Berekum||(0)642||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Bole||(0)746||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Bolgatanga||(0)72||+ 4 digit subscriber nr|
|Brong Ahafo||(0)567||+ 4 digit subscriber nr|
|Buipe||(0)716||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Cape Coast||(0)42||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Damongo||(0)717||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Donkorkrom||(0)848||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Dormaa-Ahenkro||(0)648||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Dunkwa||(0)372||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Ejura||(0)565||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Elubo||(0)345||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Enchi||(0)395||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Gambaga||(0)762||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Ho||(0)91||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Hohoe||(0)935||+ 4 digit subscriber nr|
|Keta||(0)966||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Koforidua||(0)81||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Konongo||(0)531||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Kumasi||(0)51||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Lashibi||(0)22||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Mampong-Akwapim||(0)872||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Mampong-Ashanti||(0)561||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Mpraeso||(0)846||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Nkawkaw / Nsawam||(0)842||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Obuasi||(0)582||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Salaga||(0)752||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Samreboi||(0)394||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Sunyani||(0)61||+ 3/4 digit subscriber nr|
|Swedru||(0)41||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Takoradi||(0)31||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Takoradi2||(0)362||+ 3 digit subscriber nr|
|Tamale||(0)71||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Techiman||(0)653||+ 4 digit subscriber nr|
|Wa1||(0)756||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Walewale||(0)715||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Wenchi||(0)652||+ 4 digit subscriber nr|
|Winneba1||(0)432||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
|Yeji||(0)568||+ 5 digit subscriber nr|
Avoid dental care in Ghana
Some international medication is available from the larger pharmacies.
Blood supplies should be considered as unsafe in Ghana
Medical facilities are limited, particularly outside Accra. Travelers should be aware that evidence of and/or assurances from U.S. insurance companies will not be accepted as settlement of medical expenses in Ghana.
Recent medical and dental exams should ensure that the traveler is in good health. Carry appropriate health and accident insurance documents and copies of any important medical records. Bring an adequate supply of all prescription and other medications as well as any necessary personal hygiene items, including a spare pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses if necessary. Drink only bottled beverages (including water) or beverages made with boiled water. Do not use ice cubes or eat raw seafood, rare meat or dairy products. Eat well-cooked foods while they are still hot and fruits that can be peeled without contamination. Avoid roadside stands and street vendors. Swim only in well-maintained, chlorinated pools or ocean water known to be free from pollution; avoid freshwater lakes, streams and rivers. Wear clothing which reduces exposed skin and apply repellents containing DEET to remaining areas. Sleep in well-screened accommodations. Carry anti-diarrheal medication. Reduce problems related to sun exposure by using sunglasses, wide-brimmed hats, sunscreen lotions and lip protection.
AIDS occurs. Blood supply may not be adequately screened and/or single-use, disposable needles and syringes may be unavailable. When possible, travelers should defer medical treatment until reaching a facility where safety can be assured. Persons with respiratory problems or skin allergies should avoid Ghana.
Cholera: Although limited in effectiveness, vaccination may be appropriate for persons living and/or working in less than sanitary conditions for more than 3 months where medical facilities are unavailable. Vaccination may also be appropriate for travelers with impaired gastric defenses who are planning an extended visit or being exposed to unsanitary conditions. Vaccination is not advised for pregnant women, infants younger than 6 months old, or persons with a history of severe reaction to the vaccine. Hepatitis A: Consider active immunization with hepatitis A vaccine or passive immunization with immune globulin (IG) for all susceptible travelers. Especially consider choosing active immunization for persons planning to reside for a long period or for persons who take frequent short-term trips to risk areas. The importance of protection against hepatitis A increases as length of stay increases. It is particularly important for persons who will be living in or visiting rural areas, eating or drinking in settings of poor or uncertain sanitation, or who will have close contact with local persons (especially young children) in settings with poor sanitary conditions. Hepatitis B: Vaccination is advised for health care workers, persons anticipating direct contact with blood from or sexual contact with inhabitants, and persons planning extended stays of 6 months or greater (especially those who anticipate using local health care facilities, staying in rural areas, or having intimate contact with the local population). Meningitis: Meningococcal vaccine is recommended for travelers, particularly during the December-June dry season when epidemics are most likely to occur. Importance of vaccination increases with length of stay and/or exposure to crowded conditions. Pregnancy is a relative contraindication to vaccination. Protection may be less effective for infants and children aged 3-23 months than it is for persons aged 2 years and older. Polio: A one-time booster dose is recommended for travelers who have previously completed a standard course of polio immunization. Refer to CDC guidelines for vaccinating unimmunized or incompletely immunized persons. Pregnancy is a relative contraindication to vaccination; however, if protection is needed, either IPV or OPV may be used, depending on preference and time available. Rabies: Preexposure vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 30 days who are expected to be at risk to bites from domestic and/or wild animals (particularly dogs), or for persons engaged in high risk activities such as spelunking or animal handling. Need for vaccination is more important if potential exposure is in rural areas and if adequate postexposure care is not readily available. Typhoid: Vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 3 weeks, adventurous eaters, and those who will venture off the usual tourist routes into small cities, villages and rural areas. Importance of vaccination increases as access to reasonable medical care becomes limited. Contraindications depend on vaccine type. Yellow fever: Vaccination is recommended for travelers over 9 months of age going outside of urban areas. Note: All routine vaccines (such as DTP or Td, Hib, MMR, polio, varicella, influenza and pneumococcal) should be kept up-to-date as a matter of good health practice unrelated to travel.
Insect-borne diseases: are major causes of illness. Many diseases, including yellow fever, are endemic, with only scattered cases being reported and, from time to time, more extensive outbreaks. Filariasis - prevalent Leishmaniasis - occurs (both cutaneous and visceral types may be found, particularly in the drier areas) Loiasis - prevalent Malaria - prevalent Onchocerciasis (river blindness) - prevalent Relapsing fever - occurs Trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) - occurs (human type - mainly in small, isolated areas - is reported) Tungiasis - prevalent Typhus - occurs (louse-, flea-, and tick-borne types occur) Food-borne and water-borne illness: highly endemic. The dysenteries and diarrheal diseases, giardiasis, the typhoid fevers and viral hepatitis are widespread. Echinococcosis (hydatid disease) is widespread in animal-breeding areas. Cholera - occurs Dracunculiasis - occurs Helminthic (parasitic worm) infections - prevalent Schistosomiasis - common Other hazards: Diseases such as measles and diphtheria are commonly reported, and cases of polio still occur regularly. Influenza risk extends throughout the year. Meningococcal meningitis - occurs (risk is highest during the December-June dry season, when epidemics are most likely) Rabies - occurs Trachoma - prevalent
Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travelers coming from all countries.
No recent disease outbreaks
|Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital||P.O.Box 1934 Bantama Kumasi|
|Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital||Korle-Bu Accra|
|Military Hospital||Labonie Airport Area Accra|
|Nyaho Medical Centre||35 Aviation Road Airport Residential Area PO Box 5224 Accra|
A free press operates in Ghana. There are no major restrictions on private press and broadcasters, who are regularly critical of government policy. Lively radio phone-in programs are common and popular. Numerous private radio stations compete for limited advertising revenue in Accra and elsewhere. The state-run Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) runs national TV and radio networks.
Press: Daily and weekly newspapers are available in English and include Daily Graphic, The Ghanaian Times (both daily) and The Mirror (weekly).
TV: Ghana TV (GTV) is run by the GBC. Metro TV is part public, part private. Other channels include TV3 (privately owned) and cable operator Multichoice.
Radio: GBC operates Radio 1 (programs in English and local languages), Radio 2 and local Accra station Unique FM. Among the plethora of private stations are Adom FM, Vibe FM, Space FM and Happy FM. BBC World Service and Radio France Internationale are available on FM in Accra.