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Philippines Country Guide

  1. CountryFacts
  2. Health
  3. Media
  1. Intro
  2. Geography
  3. People
  4. Travel
  5. Embassies & Visas
  6. Finance
  7. Cities/Regions

Quick Facts

Region: Asia & Oceania
Full Name: Republic of the Philippines
Capital City: Manila
Language Spoken: two official languages - Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English; eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan

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Geographic data

13 00 N, 122 00 E

Elevation Extremes

lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m

Land boundaries

0 km

Natural hazards

astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis

Natural resources

timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

Land use

arable land: 19% permanent crops: 16.67% other: 64.33% (2005)

Environmental current issues

uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds

Climate

Tropical climate tempered by constant sea breezes. There are three distinct seasons: the rainy season (June to September), cool and dry (October to February), and hot and mainly dry (March to May). Evenings are cooler. Typhoons occasionally occur from June to September. Required clothing Lightweight cottons and linens are worn throughout most of the year, with warmer clothes useful on cooler evenings. Rainwear or umbrellas are advisable for the rainy season.

Time difference

time difference: UTC+8

Population

89,468,677 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 35% (male 15,961,365/female 15,340,065) 15-64 years: 61% (male 27,173,919/female 27,362,736) 65 years and over: 4.1% (male 1,576,089/female 2,054,503) (2006 est.)

Median age

total: 22.5 years male: 22 years female: 23 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

1.8% (2006 est.)

Birth rate

24.89 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate

5.41 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate

-1.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female total population: 1 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 70.21 years male: 67.32 years female: 73.24 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate

3.11 children born/woman (2006 est.)

Business Practices

It is customary to exchange business cards and filipinos have an American business style. English is widely spoken. The Philippine business environment is highly personalized: business matters are always best dealt with on a face-to-face basis with a warm and pleasant atmosphere. Where the Western businessperson thinks that time is gold and wants to get to the point immediately, the Filipino likes to be indirect, talk about mutual friends and family, exchange pleasantries, and joke. Only after establishing the proper atmosphere will people negotiate. No matter what the final result, the discussions should always sound cheerful. To a Filipino, cultivating a friend, establishing a valuable contact and developing personal rapport is what make business wheels turn. The Western businessperson should avoid grappling with the bureaucracy. Customs, for instance, requires dozens of signatures to clear air cargo. The Filipino approach to the problem is to use staff capable of moving through the bureaucracy. Whether getting a driver's license or registering a car, the Westerner will benefit by delegating the chore to that person paid to negotiate through a sea of desks, with a smile and the knack of delivering token gifts at Christmas. Philippine business has its own etiquette. For example, they address people by their titles (e.g. Architect Cruz, Attorney Jose) although the professional might request an informal approach. Business lunches and dinners are usually arranged personally over the phone and confirmed by the secretary. The person who invites pays. A guest does not order the most expensive items on the menu, unless the host insists otherwise. It is also customary to have a drink before sitting at a dining table. A pleasant atmosphere and a minimum of formality is the tone. Business is not usually discussed until after establishing a convivial tone, usually after soup. Dress is according to venue. It is never wrong to wear the national dress, the "barong Tagalog," a lightweight, long-sleeved shirt worn without a tie, to business and social functions. Filipinos tend to be lax in replying to RSVPs. Telephone follow-ups are best, about three days before. Party hosts usually have staff track down guests for a confirmation reply. In a formal occasion, seating is arranged. There is usually a head table for the VIPs. A guest speaker is often the highlight of the dinner. Light entertainment is not unusual. Observing office etiquette is also important. When reprimanding employees, take them aside and do it privately. Be as gentle as possible and always make it a point to end the meeting with some show of personal concern for his family to make him feel he is still part of the team and that the criticism is not personal. Christmas is also a time to show appreciation to people with whom you have regular dealings with, e.g., the security guard, doorman, messenger, as well as good customers and clients, through token gifts. Gifts range from baskets of goodies to company giveaways to plain calendars. Office hours for business firms and the Philippine Government normally are from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. It is best to attempt to accomplish business objectives in midmorning or late afternoon. Many business deals are completed informally during meals, entertainment, or over a round of golf. Offices are generally closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Summer-weight clothing normally worn in temperate zones is suitable for the Philippines. It is acceptable for businessmen to conduct calls in short or long-sleeved shirt and ties without a coat. Either a two-piece suit or the native "barong tagalog"(a lightweight, long-sleeved shirt worn without a tie) are acceptable, ordinary business attire. Light suits and dresses are appropriate for women. Laundry and dry-cleaning facilities are available. Office hours vary, but are usually 0800-1200 and 1300-1700 Monday to Friday. Some private offices are open 0800-1200 Saturday.

Crime

Crime is of serious concern in the Philippines. Reports of homicides, kidnapping, other crimes of violence, confidence games, pickpocketing and credit card fraud are common in the local press and usually involve Filipino victims. However, foreign tourists and residents are sometimes victims of crimes as well. Visitors are urged to beware in crowds or areas not normally frequented by tourists and to be cautious when approached by strangers. Tourists frequenting lower quality nightclubs, where drugging and robbing can occur, are particularly at risk. Pickpockets are common in places where people congregate, such as busy streets, markets, shopping malls and transportation terminals. Criminals posing as police have approached foreigners on the pretext of immigration or counterfeit currency check and asked for their wallet. Unknowingly, they are relieved of money or possibly drugs may be planted to set the scene for an extortion attempt. If approached in this manner, the traveler should insist on being searched only at the nearest police station. As with most major cities, there are places that should be avoided. When walking about in the city, carry your valuables in your front pocket or use a well-secured fanny pack. Do not carry excessive amounts of currency. The use of credit cards should be avoided to the extent possible. If you do use a credit card, confine its use to large, reputable hotels. It is not uncommon for charge receipts to be used to manufacture fake cards. Travelers should avoid exchanging currency with street moneychangers. They offer higher rates but invariably cheat or attempt to cheat their customers. There have been recent reports of foreigners being approached by well-dressed couples in the larger hotels with offers of assistance or friendship. Once in an isolated location, such as a hotel room or vehicle, the unsuspecting foreigner is slipped a drug called ativan in his drink which renders him unconscious. Upon regaining consciousness, the victim is left with a splitting headache and no money or valuables. If you are in the vehicle during an attempted carjacking, do not resist as these individuals may quickly resort to extreme violence. The most popular means of public transportation in the Philippines is a small, inexpensive, colorfully decorated bus called a jeepney. Their use should be avoided. Small gangs have robbed foreigners who use jeepneys. If you find yourself becoming a victim of a robbery in a jeepney or anywhere else, it is advisable not to offer resistance. These confrontations can turn violent with little provocation. The best and safest means of transportation in the Philippines is in the modestly priced taxi. Use taxis that are marked Aircon on the side. Negotiate a price before entering the cab or demand that the meter be used. Travel on local bus lines should be avoided.

Hotels

In Manila there are 11,745 first-class hotel rooms. There are numerous smaller hotels, inns, hostels and pensions. Prices are often quoted both in Philippine Pesos and US Dollars. A complete directory of hotels is available from the Department of Tourism. The majority of establishments belong to the Hotel and Restaurant Association of the Philippines (HRAP), Room 205, Regina Building, Trasiera, Legaspi Village, Makati City, Metro Manila.

Communications

Telephone IDD service is available from main towns. The country code is 63 and the outgoing international code is 00. International calls to the smaller towns must be booked through the operator. All 3- to 5-star hotels, most government offices and most businesses have facsimile services. Post office hours are 0800-1700 Monday to Friday

Electricity

is 220 volts (110 volts in Baguio) AC, 60Hz. 110 volts is available in most hotels. Flat and round 2- and 3-pin plugs are in use. Electricity 220 volts (110 volts in Baguio) AC, 60Hz. 110 volts is available in most hotels. Flat and round two- and three-pin plugs are in use.

Plug Types

A,B,C

Food And Dining

Unlike a lot of Asian cooking, Filipino cuisine is distinguished by its moderate use of spices. American, Chinese, Japanese, Malay and Spanish influences have all left their mark in a subtle blending of cultures and flavors. All the regional dishes are available in Manila?s excellent restaurants, which, like the restaurants of all the main towns, offer a varied cuisine. For the less adventurous, there are also European-style restaurants and American fast food. Restaurants are generally informal, with table service. Rice is a staple of Filipino cuisine. Fruit is plentiful with mangoes, papayas, bananas, chicos, lanzones, guavas and rambutans. Philippine preserves like atsara (a chutney-like vegetable preserve) and numerous native desserts such as Pili nut brittle bangus (a crunchy sweet made with the luscious pili nuts found only in the Bicol region) can be purchased in local markets. Things to know: Waiter service is common in bars and there are no strict regulations regarding the sale of alcohol.
National specialties:
? Lechon (roasted whole pig) is prepared for fiestas and family celebrations.
? Kare-kare (an oxtail stew in peanut sauce served with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste)).
? Sinigang (meat or fish in a pleasantly sour broth).
? Adobo (braised pork and chicken in a tangy soy sauce with vinegar and garlic).
? Seafoods such as bangus (the bony but prized milkfish), crabs, lobsters, prawns, oysters, tuna, freshwater fish and the sweet maliputo, found in deep-water lakes. It is freshly harvested and often simply grilled, boiled, fried or steamed and served with kalamansi (the local lemon), bagoong (a fish paste) or vinegar with labuyo (the fiery native pepper). National drinks:
? Locally brewed beer, such as San Miguel.
? Philippine rum.
Tipping:
Usually 10 per cent of the bill, unless service charge is included. Hotels generally add a 15 per cent service charge, but it is customary to leave small change.
Nightlife
The choice of entertainment in Manila displays the Filipino's affinity for music. 5-star hotels offer everything from high-tech discos to lavish cultural songs and dances, as well as superb pop singers and performers, trios, show bands and classical string ensembles. On most evenings there are cultural performances by local artists or foreign groups at the many other venues for the performing arts. Free concerts are offered by several parks every week, and occasionally by banks and other corporations. The Philippines also have some unusual musical groups like the Pangkat Kawayan bamboo orchestra, which uses bamboo musical instruments, and the Rondalla group which uses tiny guitars like the ukelele. Casinos are located in Cebu, Davao, Ilocos Norte, Iloilo, Manila, Pampanga and Zamboanga.

Entry departure requirements

* Please see visa section

Visa immigration information

Passports

Passports valid for a minimum of six months beyond intended length of stay required by all.

Note

(a) Holders of Certificates of Identity, Travel Documents ('Titre de Voyage'), Documents of Identity, Taiwanese Passports and all stateless persons do require visas. (b) All children of Filipino nationality must hold individual passports. (c) Immigration Officers at ports of entry may admit those with passports only valid for at least 60 days after intended length of stay, at their discretion.

Visas

Required by all except the following:
(a) 1. bona fide foreign tourists (including business travelers) for stays of less than 21 days provided holding passports valid for a minimum of six months beyond period of stay and return or onward tickets (except nationals of Afghanistan*, Albania, Algeria*, Bangladesh, Belize, Bosnia & Herzegovina, China (PR), CIS, Croatia, Cuba, Egypt*, Estonia, Georgia, India*, Iran*, Iraq*, Jordan*, Korea (Dem Rep), Latvia, Lebanon*, Libya*, Lithuania, Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of), Moldova, Nauru, Nigeria*, Pakistan*, Sierra Leone, Serbia & Montenegro, Slovenia, Sri Lanka*, Sudan*, Syrian Arab Republic*, Tonga, Vanuatu, Yemen* and holders of Palestinian* passports who do require a visa even if staying less than seven days);
(b) transit passengers continuing their journey to a third country within 72 hours provided holding onward or return documentation (some nationals are required to leave by the same or first connecting aircraft; enquire at Embassy for details).

Note

(a)* Nationals of these countries must apply for a Temporary Visitor Visa in their country of origin or place of legal residence. (b) All tourists wishing to stay longer than 21 days need a visa.

Types of visa and cost

Temporary Visitor: US$38 (three month single-entry); US$74 (six month multiple-entry); US$112 (one year multiple-entry). Restricted nationals (three months): US$52 Minors must pay PHP3,120.00 to the Immigration Officer at ports of entry.

Validity

59 days from date of issue; multiple-entry: between six months and one year from date of issue. Visas normally allow stays of up to 59 days. Extensions are possible at the discretion of the Bureau of Immigration Office, with additional payment to the Emigration Clearance Certificate and corresponding Legal Research Fee.

Application to

Consulate (or Consular section at Embassy); see Passport/Visa Information.

Application requirements

(a) One application form. (b) One passport-size photo signed on the bottom front, taken in the last six months. (c) Passport valid for at least six months beyond the intended period of stay. (d) Proof of means of support during stay, either by bank statement showing a balance of at least ?500 or letter of employment. (e) Fee, in cash or postal order only (if applying by post, fee must be paid by postal order only). (f) If applying by post, a registered, stamped, self-addressed envelope is required and the application should be signed by a notary or commissioner of oaths. (g) Onward or return tickets. (h) A utility bill for proof of address. (i) Business travelers also require a letter from the sponsoring Filipino company or from their employer, stating the purpose of the visit. (j) Proof of financial capability, eg latest bank statement, employment certificate etc. (k) Minors (under 15 years) must be accompanied by, or joining, parents to/in the Philippines. They must submit to the Immigration Officer at port of entry, an affidavit of request and consent by either parent/legal guardian (authenticated by relevant Embassy), and a clear photocopy of data page of passport of both minor and their parent(s). Application for a non-immigrant visa should be made in person.

Working days required

Two to three. Applications can be made Mon-Fri 0900-1300 and 1400-1700. Visas can be collected between 1600 and 1700.

HIV entry requirements

No Test Required

Departure tax

PHP550 for international departures. Children under two years of age and transit passengers are exempt.

Embassies

Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines in the UK

6-11 Suffolk Street, London SW1Y 4HG
(Previously 9A Palace Green, London W8 4QE, UK)
Tel: (020) 7937 1600 or (020) 7361 4640/36/42 (consular section).
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 0900-1300 and 1400-1700.
Website: http://londonpe.dfa.gov.ph/

Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines in the USA

1600 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Tel: (202) 467 9300.
Website: www.philippineembassy-usa.org
Travelers are advised against all travel to central, southern and Western Mindanao, and the Sulu archipelago including Basilan, Tawi-Tawi and Jolo, where there are ongoing military and police operations against insurgent groups.
The President of the Philippines declared a state of emergency on 24 February 2006, following the arrest of three people for an attempted coup. Public protests are likely. Visitors should avoid political gatherings or demonstrations.
There is a threat of kidnapping throughout the Philippines.
There is a high threat from terrorism throughout the Philippines.
In February 2005, bombs in Manila and Mindanao killed at least nine people and injured over 130 others. Attacks could be indiscriminate and against civilian targets in public places, including those frequented by foreigners.
Visitors should also be alert to the risk of street crime. Penalties for illegal drug importation and use are severe and can include the death penalty.
Visitors are advised to obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before traveling and to check any exclusions, and that their policy covers them for the activities they want to undertake.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organisaions for the latest travel advice:

British Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Website: https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/philippines

US Department of State

Website: https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel/International-Travel-Country-Information-Pages/Philippines.html

Currency

Philippine Peso (PHP) = 100 centavos. Notes are in denominations of peso1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5. Coins are in denominations of peso5, 2 and 1, and 50, 25 and 10 centavos.

Currency restrictions

The import and export of local currency is limited to PHP10,000; any amount above this must be authorized by the Central Bank of the Philippines. The import and export of foreign currency is unlimited, but must be declared over PHP10,000.

Banking hours

Mon-Fri 0900-1500.

Currency exchange

Cash in pounds sterling or US dollars can be exchanged in banks, hotels and some retail outlets. Always use authorized money-changers or banks in Manila. Outside the capital there is a shortage of facilities for changing foreign currency and rates may get progressively worse as you travel further away from the city. It is advisable to carry a sufficient amount of Philippine pesos when traveling to other provinces.

Credit cards

American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa are widely accepted in major establishments throughout the big cities of the Philippines. Check with your credit or debit card company for details of merchant acceptability and other services which may be available. 24-hour ATMs are available.

Travellers cheques

Traveller's cheques and major foreign currency may be cashed at most commercial banks and Central Bank dealers. They are also accepted in most hotels, restaurants and shops. To avoid difficulties, travelers are advised to carry their receipt of purchase with them. To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travelers are advised to take traveller's cheques in US Dollars.

City/RegionCity/Area codeFollowed by
Agusan del Norte(0)85+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Aklan(0)36+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Albay(0)5221+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Bataan(0)47+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Batangas(0)4396+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Benguet(0)74+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Bohol(0)38+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Bukidnon(0)8851+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Bulacan(0)4422+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Cagayan de Oro City(0)8822+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Camarines Sur(0)5446+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Cavite(0)46+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Cebu(0)3230+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Damilag(0)8853+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Davao del Norte(0)84+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Davao del Sur(0)82+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Davao Oriental(0)87+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Eastern & Northern Samar(0)55+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Ilocos Sur(0)77+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Iloilo(0)3397+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Isabela(0)78+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kidapawan(0)6423+ 5 digit subscriber nr
La Union(0)72+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Laguna(0)49560+ 4 digit subscriber nr
Lanao del Norte(0)63+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Leyte(0)53+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Macabebe(0)4594+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Maguindanao(0)64+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Mauban(0)4251+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Metro Manila(0)2+ 8/10 digit subscriber nr
Misamis Occidental(0)88344+ 4 digit subscriber nr
Misamis Oriental(0)8842+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Negros Occidental(0)34691+ 4 digit subscriber nr
Negros Oriental(0)35+ 7 digit subscriber nr
North Cotabato(0)6422+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Palawan(0)48+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Pampanga(0)4597+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Pangasinan(0)75+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Quezon(0)42793+ 4 digit subscriber nr
Saint Francis(0)4463+ 5 digit subscriber nr
San Narciso(0)4765+ 5 digit subscriber nr
San Pablo(0)93+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Sorsogon(0)56+ 7 digit subscriber nr
South Cotabato(0)83+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Surigao del Norte(0)86+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Surigao del Sur(0)8622+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Tawi-Tawi(0)68+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tiaong(0)4264+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Zambales(0)4761+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Zamboanga del Norte(0)65+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Zamboanga del Sur(0)62+ 7 digit subscriber nr
  1. Health Information
  2. Recent Disease Outbreak
  3. Hospital Database

Dental care

Good quality dental care is available in Manila. Avoid dental treatment elsewhere as the standards of care and hygiene cannot be guaranteed.

Medication Availability

Some international medication is available from the larger pharmacies and hospitals in the larger towns and cities.

Blood supplies

Blood supplies should be considered as unsafe. The exception is possibly the larger private hospitals in the capital, where some screen blood to international standards

Medical facilities

Adequate medical care is available in major cities but is limited in rural and more remote areas.

General caution

Recent medical and dental exams should ensure that the traveler is in good health. Carry appropriate health and accident insurance documents and copies of any important medical records. Bring an adequate supply of all prescription and other medications as well as any necessary personal hygiene items, including a spare pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses if necessary. Drink only bottled beverages (including water) or beverages made with boiled water. Do not use ice cubes or eat raw seafood, rare meat or dairy products. Eat well-cooked foods while they are still hot and fruits that can be peeled without contamination. Avoid roadside stands and street vendors. Swim only in well-maintained, chlorinated pools or ocean water known to be free from pollution; avoid freshwater lakes, streams and rivers. Wear clothing which reduces exposed skin and apply repellents containing DEET to remaining areas. Sleep in well-screened accommodations. Carry anti-diarrheal medication. Reduce problems related to sun exposure by using sunglasses, wide-brimmed hats, sunscreen lotions and lip protection.

Specific concerns

AIDS occurs. Blood supply may not be adequately screened and/or single-use, disposable needles and syringes may be unavailable. When possible, travelers should defer medical treatment until reaching a facility where safety can be assured. Fungus and ear infections, often due to swimming, are common in the hot, humid climate. Superficial skin infections are extremely common in the tropics. Carefully clean with an antibiotic disinfectant and cover even the smallest wounds. Toward the end of the rainy season and as cooler weather begins, incidence of respiratory diseases rises. (Respiratory infections and irritations are very common because of atmospheric pollution and air-conditioning.) Avoid over exertion and excessive fatigue. The tropical environment is enervating, and you may not recover from exercise as quickly here as in temperate areas. Short exposure to the sun can result in serious burns. Choose inter-island ferries carefully if traveling between islands by boat since some may be unsafe due to lax safety inspections and overcrowding.

Immunization

Cholera: Although limited in effectiveness, vaccination may be appropriate for persons living and/or working in less than sanitary conditions for more than 3 months where medical facilities are unavailable. Vaccination may also be appropriate for travelers with impaired gastric defenses who are planning an extended visit or being exposed to unsanitary conditions. Vaccination is not advised for pregnant women, infants younger than 6 months old, or persons with a history of severe reaction to the vaccine. Hepatitis A: Consider active immunization with hepatitis A vaccine or passive immunization with immune globulin (IG) for all susceptible travelers. Especially consider choosing active immunization for persons planning to reside for a long period or for persons who take frequent short-term trips to risk areas. The importance of protection against hepatitis A increases as length of stay increases. It is particularly important for persons who will be living in or visiting rural areas, eating or drinking in settings of poor or uncertain sanitation, or who will have close contact with local persons (especially young children) in settings with poor sanitary conditions. Hepatitis B: Vaccination is advised for health care workers, persons anticipating direct contact with blood from or sexual contact with inhabitants, and persons planning extended stays of 6 months or greater (especially those who anticipate using local health care facilities, staying in rural areas, or having intimate contact with the local population). Japanese Encephalitis: Consider vaccination if staying a month or more during transmission periods, especially if travel includes rural areas. Also consider if staying less than 30 days during these periods and at high risk (in case of epidemic outbreak or extensive outdoor exposure in rural areas). Transmission in western Luzon, Mindoro and Negro Palowan likely occurs from April to November. It occurs throughout the year in other areas, with highest risk from April to January. Polio: A one-time booster dose is recommended for travelers who have previously completed a standard course of polio immunization. Refer to CDC guidelines for vaccinating unimmunized or incompletely immunized persons. Pregnancy is a relative contraindication to vaccination; however, if protection is needed, either IPV or OPV may be used, depending on preference and time available. Rabies: Preexposure vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 30 days who are expected to be at risk to bites from domestic and/or wild animals (particularly dogs), or for persons engaged in high risk activities such as spelunking or animal handling. Need for vaccination is more important if potential exposure is in rural areas and if adequate postexposure care is not readily available. Typhoid: Vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 3 weeks, adventurous eaters, and those who will venture off the usual tourist routes into small cities, villages and rural areas. Importance of vaccination increases as access to reasonable medical care becomes limited. Contraindications depend on vaccine type. Note: All routine vaccines (such as DTP or Td, Hib, MMR, polio, varicella, influenza and pneumococcal) should be kept up-to-date as a matter of good health practice unrelated to travel.

Disease risk summary

Insect-borne illness: considered an important cause of disease in this area. Chikungunya fever - occurs (widespread in some of the central islands; potential for spread is accentuated by the presence of a large group of susceptibles and the widespread presence of the vector, Aedes aegypti, particularly in large urban areas like Manila) Dengue fever - occurs Dengue hemorrhagic fever - occurs Encephalitis (Japanese type) - occurs (endemic on all islands, with past outbreaks reported from Luzon, Manila and Nueva Ecija) Filariasis - prevalent in rural areas Malaria - prevalent Typhus (mite-borne) - occurs in deforested areas Food-borne and water-borne illness: these diseases are common. Cholera - occurs Dysentery (amoebic and bacillary) - occurs Fasciolopsiasis (giant intestinal fluke) - occurs Hepatitis - occurs Melioidosis - occurs Opisthorchiasis (cat liver fluke) - occurs Paragonimiasis (oriental lung fluke) - occurs Schistosomiasis - prevalent Typhoid fever - occurs Other hazards: Diseases such as measles and diphtheria are commonly reported, and cases of polio still occur regularly. Influenza risk extends throughout the year. Penicillinase-producing Neisseria gonorrhea (PPNG) is common in the Philippines. This type of gonorrhea is resistant to penicillin and must be treated by other means. The Department of Health reports that a recent study of prostitutes in Manila and Cebu City found a gonorrhea strain resistant to ciprofloxacin and highly resistant to penicillin and tetracycline. The strain was present in 5% of all prostitutes surveyed and in 40% of prostitutes with gonorrhea. Rabies - occurs

Entry requirements

AIDS: According to the Department of State, testing is required for applicants for permanent resident visas as part of a general medical exam. Foreign test results are accepted under certain conditions. Contact Philippines' embassy for details. Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travelers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas.

Recent disease outbreaks

No recent disease outbreaks

NameAddress
Don Mariano Cui Street Fuente Osme?a Cebu 6000
Asian Hospital and Medical Centre2005 Civic Drive Filinvest Corporate City Alabang Muntinlupa City, 1781
Cebu Doctors HospitalOsme?a Boulevard, Cebu 6000
Davao Doctors Hospital188 E. Quirino Avenue Davao City Mindanao 8000
Healthway Medical Clinic2F Ayala Life Building 6786 Ayala Avenue Makati City
Healthway Medical Clinic - Binondo2F Paramount Building Quintin Paredes Street Binondo Manila
Healthway Medical Clinic - SMNorth EDSA Basement Level, Annex Building SM City North EDSA Quezon City
Healthway Medical Clinic-Festival2F Pixie Forest Entrance Festival Supermall Filinivest Corporate City Alabang
Healthway Medical Clinic-Greenbelt3F The Plaza Building Greenbelt Shopping Plaza Makati City
Healthway Medical Clinic-Laguna2F LTI Administration Building Laguna Technopark Sta. Rosa Laguna
Healtway Medical Clinic-Alabang Town2F Alabang Town Center Alabang-Zapote Road Alabang Muntinlupa City
Makati Medical Center#2 Amorsolo Street, Makati Legaspi Village Manila Makati National Capital Region 1200
Manila Doctors Hospital667 United Nations Avenue Manila
Perpetual Succour HospitalGorordo Avenue Cebu City 6000
Philippine International Hospital654 Malabanas Road Plaridel 1 Angeles City 2009
St Luke's Medical Centre279 E Rodriguez Street Boulevard Cathedral Heights Quezon City 1102
St. Louis University Hospital Of The Sacred HeartAssumption Road Baguio

Media

Powerful commercial interests control or influence much of the media. The lively TV scene is dominated by the free-to-air networks ABS-CBN and GMA. Many TV broadcasters also operate radio networks. Press freedom is guaranteed under the 1987 constitution.
Press: There are about 17 daily newspapers. English-language daily newspapers include the Daily Tribune, Manila Bulletin (website: www.mb.com.ph), Malaya (website: www.malaya.com.ph), Manila Times (website: www.manilatimes.net), Philippine Daily Inquirer (website: www.inq7.net) and the Philippine Star (website: www.philstar.com).
TV: IBC is a government-owned network. Commercial networks include ABS-CBN and GMA Network.
Radio: Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a government-run network operating stations all over the Philippines. ABS-CBN, GMA Network, Manila Broadcasting Company and Radio Mindanao Network operate stations nationwide.

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Contact details can be found in your policy documentation

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