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Official Name: Falkland Islands
Official Languages: English
Spoken Languages: English
Population: 2,932 (2012 est.)
Currency: Falklands pound (FKP)
Time Zone: FKST (UTC-3)
The Falkland Islands are a group of islands which can be found in the South Atlantic Ocean. There are 778 islands that make the Falkland Islands, of these islands only two are main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland. The capital of the islands, Stanley, can be located on East Falkland. The islands are a British territory.
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All of the islands have a mountainous and hilly terrain. The islands are popular with tourists due to their extensive wildlife, many variations of birds live on the islands. Mount Usborne is the highest point on the islands, standing at 705m high. The Falkland Islands have a subantarctic and tundra climate. Rainfall is common throughout the islands and occasionally there is snowfall. Temperatures can be as high as 24°C (75°F) or as low as -11°C (12°F).
Geographic data: 51°42 S 57°51 W
Natural hazards: Strong winds are the highest risk on the Falkland Islands
Birth rate: 8 births/1000 people (2004 est.)
Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 people (2004 est.)
Life expectancy: N/A
You are able to hire cars on the Falkland Islands, you will require a full valid UK driving license to drive on the islands. Four wheel drive cars are the most common to hire as the roads can be uneven. Take care as the roads are not well kept on the islands. Taxis are also available.
Crime is minimal on the Falkland Islands, petty crime still occurs. General care is advised, do not leave items unattended and avoid travelling with valuables. Most trips to the Falkland Islands are trouble-free.
If you are a British national, you will not require a visa to stay. You will need a valid passport, a return ticket, evidence of accommodation and enough funds to cover your stay.
Your passport needs to be valid for 6 months after the date of entry into the Falkland Islands Islands.
Currency: Falklands pound (FKP)
British Sterling is allowed on the island with most businesses accepting these. Most credit cards work in the capital. There are no ATMs on the island, advised to carry cash with you to avoid issues.
Visit your health professional before you travel to the Falkland Islands. Medical care is moderate on the islands, there is one hospital on the islands which is located in the capital. Most medical emergencies can be dealt with, however, if your emergency is complex then you may have to be evacuated from the island. Advised to have medical/travel insurance to cover treatment. If you require medical assistance, dial 999 and ask for an ambulance.
Currently, FCO have not advised to avoid travelling to the Falkland Islands. There is a low threat from terrorism. However, this information could change at any time. It is advised that you check the FCO website before you travel: www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice
Direct Travel Insurance cannot offer cover for any areas or countries to which the FCO advise against travel.
Falkland Islands are mostly influenced by British culture due to the islands being a part of the British overseas territory. However, there has been slight influences from South American culture as the islands are located near the continent. There are two newspapers that are circulated around the islands, these are the Teaberry Express and The Penguin News. Most TV channels are from Britain. Sport and entertainment is mostly similar to British sport.