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Full Name: Republic of Lithuania
Capital City: Vilnius
Language Spoken: Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)
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56 00 N, 24 00 E
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m highest point: Juozapines Kalnas 293.6 m
total: 1,613 km border countries: Belarus 653.5 km, Latvia 588 km, Poland 103.7 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 267.8 km
peat, arable land, amber
arable land: 44.81% permanent crops: 0.9% other: 54.29% (2005)
contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
Temperate climate, but with considerable temperature variations. Summer is warm with relatively mild weather in spring and autumn. Winter, which lasts from November to mid-March, can be very cold. Rainfall is distributed throughout the year with the heaviest rainfall in August. Heavy snowfalls are common in the winter months.
time difference: UTC+2 daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
3,585,906 (July 2006 est.)
0-14 years: 15.5% (male 284,888/female 270,458) 15-64 years: 69.1% (male 1,210,557/female 1,265,542) 65 years and over: 15.5% (male 190,496/female 363,965) (2006 est.)
total: 38.2 years male: 35.7 years female: 40.8 years (2006 est.)
-0.3% (2006 est.)
8.75 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
10.98 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
-0.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.52 male(s)/female total population: 0.89 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
total population: 74.2 years male: 69.2 years female: 79.49 years (2006 est.)
1.2 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Business is conducted in a fairly formal manner and suit and tie are generally required. Handshaking is customary and business cards are beaming more commonplace. Appointments should be made in advance. English is used for international commerce. Knowledge of German, Russian or Polish may also be useful. Most of the industrial companies are concentrated in Marijampole, Vilkaviskis, Kazlu Ruda, and Kybartai. Office hours are 0900-1300 and 1400-1800 Monday to Friday.
There was a national increase in reported crime of five percent last year. The crime rate is relatively low compared with rates in major capitals. However, precautions appropriate to any major urban area are prudent. During the summer months the parks tend to be full of groups of drinking youths that can be intimidating if not actually threatening. Robberies have occurred on trains, in train stations and in hotel rooms. Large amounts of cash and expensive jewelry should be secured in a hotel safe or left at home. Crimes against foreigners, while usually non-violent, are becoming more common. Pickpocketing and thefts are problems; so personal belongings should be well protected at all times. Theft from cars, carjacking, and car thefts occur regularly. Drivers should be wary of persons indicating they should pull over or that something is wrong with their car. Often, a second car or person is following, and when the driver of the targeted car gets out to see if there is a problem the person who has been following will either steal the driver's belongings from the vehicle or get in and drive off with the car. Drivers should never get out of the car to check for damage without first turning off the ignition and taking the keys. Valuables also should not be left in plain sight in parked vehicles, as there have been increasing reports of car windows smashed and items stolen. Burglary of foreigners' homes is also on the rise; home alarm systems should be used whenever possible. Avoid walking alone or in small groups in the dark. ATMs should be avoided after dark. There have been cases of foreigners being drugged in bars and then taken elsewhere to be robbed. In any public area, one should always be alert to being surrounded by two or more people at once. Racially-motivated verbal, and sometimes physical, harassment of non-Caucasians has been reported in major cities. Incidents of racially-motivated attacks against foreigners have been reported in Klaipeda. Police are generally professional and reasonably well trained but may have resource or manpower limitations that inhibit their deterrence or response effectiveness. Foot patrols are on duty in the old town area of Vilnius. Emergency numbers in Vilnius are 001 (fire), 002 (police) and 003 (first aid). Local police are not likely to speak English. Organized crime in Lithuanian cities has become a significant problem for Lithuanian police forces and local businessmen. Organized crime syndicates regularly use violence, including bombings to settle rivalries and in the operation of "protection" rackets.
Since independence, Western style hotels and motels are being built in Lithuania in cooperation with foreign firms. Modernization and renovation programs are generally concentrated in the capital. All major hotels are located in the center of town. Other major cities and centers in the country enjoy and range of good accommodation as well. Hotels include the Lietuva Hotel, in Vilnius, the Zaliakalnio Viesbutis Hotel, in Kaunas and the Best Western Santakos Hotel in Kaunas.
Telephone IDD service is available in the country. The country code is 370 and the outgoing international code is 810. Fax services are available in Vilnius at the Telegraph Center, the Hotel Lietuva, and at the Comliet Office. Post office hours are usually 0900-1800.
220 volts AC, 50Hz. European two-pin plugs are in use.
Waiter service is the norm in restaurants and cafes, but self-service restaurants, bistros and snack bars are numerous.
? Skilandis (smoked meat).
? Salti barsciai (cold soup).
? Cepelinai (made from grated potatoes with a minced meat filling).
? Vedarai (potato sausage) and bulviniai blynai (potato pancakes).
? Smoked eel is a famous Baltic delicacy.
? It is highly recommended to try the mild white curd cheese, best served with honey. National drinks:
? Local brands of beer and imported drinks are popular.
? A famous Lithuanian spirit is midus, a mild alcoholic beverage made from honey.
Taxi fares and restaurant bills include a tip. Otherwise, tips are discretionary.
Cinemas can be found in all towns. Lithuanian theaters, most of which are concentrated in the capital, are also renowned. The Jaunimo teatras (website: www.jaunimoteatras.lt) in Vilnius are famous throughout the country. Opera and ballet are staged in the city at the Vilnius Opera Theater and Kaunas has a Musical Theater. Puppet shows are staged for children in Vilnius and Kaunas. There are restaurants with live music as well as numerous discos and nightclubs with variety shows in the larger towns.
* Please see passport section below
Passport valid for at least three months beyond length of stay required by all except:
(a) 1. EU/EEA nationals (EU + Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway) and Swiss nationals holding a valid national ID card.
Note: EU and EEA nationals are only required to produce evidence of their EU/EEA nationality and identity in order to be admitted to any EU/EEA Member State. This evidence can take the form of a valid national passport or national identity card. Either is acceptable. Possession of a return ticket, any length of validity on their document, sufficient funds for the length of their proposed visit should not be imposed.
There is now a new application form that those seeking visas must fill out, consistent with the visa forms of other European Union member states, which Lithuania joined on May 1 2004. At present, the Lithuanian visa will only be valid for traveling to Lithuania but will become valid for traveling to other Schengen countries once Lithuania joins the Schengen area.
Required by all except the following:
(a) nationals listed in the chart above for tourist stays of up to 90 days;
(b) nationals of Andorra, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong (SAR), Iceland, Israel, Korea (Rep), Liechtenstein, Macau (SAR), Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, San Marino, Singapore, Switzerland, Uruguay, Vatican City and Venezuela for tourist stays of up to 90 days.
(a) Nationals of South Africa holding valid Estonian or Latvian visas do not need a separate visa for Lithuania. (b) Nationals of the following countries may apply for a Lithuanian visa without first obtaining an invitation endorsed by the Lithuanian Migration Authorities: Belarus (maximum of 30 days), Bermuda, Ecuador, Kazakhstan (maximum of 30 days), Moldova, Russian Federation (maximum of 30 days), South Africa, Taiwan (maximum of 30 days) and Ukraine (maximum of 30 days). Nationals of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Taiwan, the Russian Federation and Ukraine are required to present proof of sufficient funds (minimum ?40 or ?27 per day), via traveller's cheques, credit cards and bank statements. Enquire at the Consulate/Embassy for details.
Short-stay, Airport-transit and Transit: US$41 ; Long-stay (single-entry) and Special-entry (for employment or studies): US$71 ; Group single-entry (five to 30 members with appointed guide and on the condition that group have same purpose of visit, follow same travel itinerary with same arrivals, departures and locations): US$41 plus US$1 per person. Consular fees are waived in certain circumstances; consult Embassy/Consulate for details. There is no Consular fee for members for certain charity missions, official delegations, those aged under 16 years, and Lithuanians traveling with foreign passports.
Single- and Multiple-entry: Three months. In some cases, a multiple-entry visa may be issued for up to one or even five years. Documents must be submitted that prove the need for a multiple-entry visa and warrant amount of validity allocated. Transit: No more than five days each stay. Airport Transit: 48 hours.
Consulate (or Consular section at Embassy); Passport/Visa Information.
(a) Passport valid for at least three months after expiry of visa. (b) One passport-size photo. (c) Completed application form. (d) Letter of invitation endorsed by the Lithuanian Migration Authorities (not required by certain nationals ? see note above). (e) Fee. (f) Other documents, such as hotel reservations, tickets, right to return country form/right to travel to onward country, documents certifying payment of consular fee, and bank statements may be required. (g) Valid health and travel insurance. Transit and Airport Transit: (a)-(g) and, (h) Visa and/or other documents granting right to enter country of destination.
Five. Visas can be obtained within 24 or 72 hours for an additional charge; consult nearest Embassy/Consulate for further details. This service is not available to all nationalities/passport holders.
Test required for anyone applying for a residency permit
84 Gloucester Place, London W1U 6AU, UK
Tel: (020) 7486 6401 or 6404 (visa section).
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 0900-1300 (Consular section); Mon, Wed & Fri 1500-1600 (visa section; appointments not necessary).
2622 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20009, USA
Tel: (202) 234 5860 (ext. 127 for visa section).
Most visits to Lithuania are trouble-free but you should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate international terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organizations for the latest travel advice:
Tel: (0845) 850 2829.
Lithuanian Litas (LTL) = 100 centas. Notes are in denominations of LTL500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. Coins are in denominations of LTL5, 2 and 1, and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 centas. The Litas is pegged to the Euro.
The import of local and foreign currency is unlimited. The export of local currency is limited to LTL5000. The export of foreign currency is unlimited. Any amount exceeding LTL40,000 or equivalent must be declared.
Mon-Fri 0900-1700. Some banks also open Sat 0900-1300.
Currency can be exchanged at banks and bureaux de change. ATMs are available in most cities. There are 24-hour exchange bureaux at Gelezinkelio 6, near the main railway station and at Lietuvos Taupomasis Bankas, Savanoriu 15A in Vilnius.
Major credit cards are accepted in the main hotels, restaurants, shops and in some petrol stations. Check with your credit and debit card company for details of merchant acceptability and other services which may be available.
These are not accepted by retailers and can only be exchanged at a few outlets. To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travelers are advised to take traveller's cheques in US Dollars.
|City/Region||City/Area code||Followed by|
|?akiai||(0)345||+ 5 digits|
|Akmene||(0)425||+ 5 digits|
|?alcininkai||(0)380||+ 5 digits|
|Alytus||(0)315||+ 5 digits|
|Anyk?ciai||(0)381||+ 5 digits|
|Bir?ai||(0)450||+ 5 digits|
|Bir?tonas||(0)319||+ 5 digits|
|Druskininkai||(0)313||+ 5 digits|
|Elektrenai||(0)528||+ 5 digits|
|Garg?dai||(0)40||+ 6 digits|
|?iauliai||(0)421||+ 5 digits|
|Ignalina||(0)386||+ 5 digits|
|?ilale||(0)449||+ 5 digits|
|?ilute||(0)441||+ 5 digits|
|?irvintos||(0)382||+ 5 digits|
|Jonava||(0)349||+ 5 digits|
|Joni?kis||(0)426||+ 5 digits|
|Jurbarkas||(0)447||+ 5 digits|
|Kai?iadorys||(0)346||+ 5 digits|
|Kaunas||(0)37||+ 6 digits|
|Kedainiai||(0)347||+ 5 digits|
|Kelme||(0)427||+ 5 digits|
|Klaipeda||(0)446||+ 5 digits|
|Kretinga||(0)445||+ 5 digits|
|Kupi?kis||(0)459||+ 5 digits|
|Lazdijai||(0)318||+ 5 digits|
|Ma?eikiai||(0)443||+ 5 digits|
|Marijampole||(0)343||+ 5 digits|
|Moletai||(0)383||+ 5 digits|
|Neringa||(0)469||+ 5 digits|
|Palanga||(0)460||+ 5 digits|
|Pasvalys||(0)451||+ 5 digits|
|Plunge||(0)448||+ 5 digits|
|Radvili?kis||(0)422||+ 5 digits|
|Raseiniai||(0)428||+ 5 digits|
|Roki?kis||(0)458||+ 5 digits|
|Skuodas||(0)440||+ 5 digits|
|Tel?iai||(0)444||+ 5 digits|
|Ukmerge||(0)340||+ 5 digits|
|Utena||(0)389||+ 5 digits|
|Varena||(0)310||+ 5 digits|
|?vencionys||(0)387||+ 5 digits|
|Vilki?kis||(0)342||+ 5 digits|
|Vilnius||(0)5||+ 7 digits|
|Zarasai||(0)385||+ 5 digits|
Good quality dental care can be found in the larger towns and cities
Supplies of international medications are generally available
Although the testing of blood products generally follow international standards, it is recommended blood transfusions are avoided in Lithuania
Medical care in Lithuania is slowly improving. Elderly travelers and those with existing health problems may be at risk because medical facilities do not always meet Western standards. However, most medical supplies are now widely available, including disposable needles, anesthetics, antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals. Western-quality dental care can be obtained in major cities.
Recent medical and dental exams should ensure that the traveler is in good health. Carry appropriate health and accident insurance documents and copies of any important medical records. Bring an adequate supply of all prescription and other medications as well as any necessary personal hygiene items, including a spare pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses if necessary. Drink only bottled beverages (including water) or beverages made with boiled water. Do not use ice cubes or eat raw seafood or rare meat. Eat well-cooked foods while they are still hot and fruits that can be peeled without contamination. Avoid roadside stands and street vendors. Only pasteurized dairy products should be consumed.
AIDS occurs. Blood supply may not be adequately screened and/or single-use, disposable needles and syringes may be unavailable. When possible, travelers should defer medical treatment until reaching a facility where safety can be assured. Hikers should take protective measures against ticks.
Hepatitis A: Consider active immunization with hepatitis A vaccine or passive immunization with immune globulin (IG) for all susceptible travelers. Especially consider choosing active immunization for persons planning to reside for a long period or for persons who take frequent short-term trips to risk areas. The importance of protection against hepatitis A increases as length of stay increases. It is particularly important for persons who will be living in or visiting rural areas, eating or drinking in settings of poor or uncertain sanitation, or who will have close contact with local persons (especially young children) in settings with poor sanitary conditions. Hepatitis B: Vaccination is advised for health care workers, persons anticipating direct contact with blood from or sexual contact with inhabitants, and persons planning extended stays of 6 months or greater (especially those who anticipate using local health care facilities, staying in rural areas, or having intimate contact with the local population). Typhoid: Vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 3 weeks, adventurous eaters, and those who will venture off the usual tourist routes into small cities, villages and rural areas. Importance of vaccination increases as access to reasonable medical care becomes limited. Contraindications depend on vaccine type. Note: All routine vaccines (such as DTP or Td, Hib, MMR, polio, varicella, influenza and pneumococcal) should be kept up-to-date as a matter of good health practice unrelated to travel.
Common colds, bronchial ailments, sinusitis, and intestinal flu are common, especially in winter. The incidence of communicable diseases in most areas is such that they are unlikely to prove a hazard to the international traveler greater than that found in his own country. There are, of course, health risks, but in most areas the precautions required are minimal. Immunization coverage has reduced the incidence of diseases such as measles. However, there is a risk of diphtheria infection, due in part to shortages of the vaccine and antibiotics. Influenza risk extends from November to April. Rabies occurs (especially among foxes in rural areas) and diphyllobothriasis (fish tapeworm) may be a problem in the Baltic Sea area. Lyme disease occurs.
AIDS: According to the Department of State, testing is required for applicants for permanent residence permits. Foreign test results are accepted under certain conditions. Contact Lithuania's embassy for details.
No recent disease outbreaks
|Baltic American Clinic||Nemencine road 54A Vilnius 10103|
|Kauno medicinos akademija||Mickeviciaus g. 9 Kaunas 3000|
|Med General Private Clinic||Gedimino pr. 1A-19 (2nd Floor above gift shop Dorado) Vilnius|
|Medical Diagnostic Center||V. Grybo st. 32/10 Vilnius LT-2055|
|Seamen's Hospital Klaipeda (Klaipedos Jurininku Ligonine)||Klaipedos Jurininku Ligonine Liepojos Street 45 Klaipeda 5809|
|Uab Agne||Strazdo g. 65 Kaunas 3026|
|University Hospital (Vilniaus miesto universitetine ligonine)||Antakalnio Streeet 57 Vilnius 10207|
Lithuania's TV market is dominated by commercial channels. The radio market is similarly competitive, with more than 30 stations competing for listeners and advertisers. Lithuania's media are free and operate independently of the state, and there are no Government-owned newspapers. However, politicians do occasionally attempts to influence Editorial policy.
Press: Newspapers are published in Lithuanian and some in Russian or Polish. The major dailies are Kauno Diena, Lietuvos Rytas, Respublika and Lietuvos Zinios.
TV: Public broadcaster Lithuanian National Radio and Television (LRT) operates one national TV channel. In early 2003, LRT launched a cultural TV channel, initially available in Vilnius and Kaunas. Commercial stations include LNK TV, TV3 and TV4.
Radio: LRT operates two national radio networks. Commerical radio stations include M-1 (pop music and news), Radiocentras (pop music) and Pukas.