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Russia Country Guide

  1. Country Facts
  2. Health
  3. Media
  1. Intro
  2. Geography
  3. People
  4. Travel
  5. Embassies & Visas
  6. Finance
  7. Cities/Regions

Quick Facts

Region: Europe
Full Name: Russian Federation
Capital City: Moscow
Language Spoken: Russian, many minority languages

Russia Travel Insurance

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Geographic data

60 00 N, 100 00 E

Elevation Extremes

lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m highest point: Gora El'brus 5,633 m

Land boundaries

total: 20,096.5 km border countries: Azerbaijan 284 km, Belarus 959 km, China (southeast) 3,605 km, China (south) 40 km, Estonia 294 km, Finland 1,340 km, Georgia 723 km, Kazakhstan 6,846 km, North Korea 19 km, Latvia 217 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 280.5 km, Mongolia 3,485 km, Norway 196 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 232 km, Ukraine 1,576 km

Natural hazards

permafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development; volcanic activity in the Kuril Islands; volcanoes and earthquakes on the Kamchatka Peninsula; spring floods and summer/autumn forest fires throughout Siberia and parts of European Russia

Natural resources

wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber note: formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources

Land use

arable land: 7.17% permanent crops: 0.11% other: 92.72% (2005)

Environmental current issues

air pollution from heavy industry, emissions of coal-fired electric plants, and transportation in major cities; industrial, municipal, and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and seacoasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination; groundwater contamination from toxic waste; urban solid waste management; abandoned stocks of obsolete pesticides

Climate

Northern & Central European Russia: The most varied climate; mildest areas are along the Baltic coast. Summer sunshine may be nine hours a day, but winters can be very cold. Siberia: Very cold winters, but summers can be pleasant, although they tend to be short and wet. There is considerable seasonal temperature variation. Southern European Russia: Winter is shorter than in the north. Steppes (in the southeast) have hot, dry summers and very cold winters. The north and northeastern Black Sea has mild winters, but heavy rainfall all the year round.

Time difference

time difference: UTC+3 daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October note: Russia is divided into eleven time zones

Population

142,893,540 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.2% (male 10,441,151/female 9,921,102) 15-64 years: 71.3% (male 49,271,698/female 52,679,463) 65 years and over: 14.4% (male 6,500,814/female 14,079,312) (2006 est.)

Median age

total: 38.4 years male: 35.2 years female: 41.3 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.37% (2006 est.)

Birth rate

9.95 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate

14.65 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate

1.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.46 male(s)/female total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 67.08 years male: 60.45 years female: 74.1 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.28 children born/woman (2006 est.)

Business Practices

Business meetings are typically formal and Russian businessmen largely stick to numerous formalities. For example, to address a Russian by his first name, unless invited to do so, may be considered an insult. If the guest speaks Russian, they should be sure to use the vy (formal) form, not the ty (informal) form. Address Russians with their titles and their last names: "Chairman Mironov", "General Designer Medvedov". Many fledgling Russian entrepreneurs speak at least some English, but if business is outside of Moscow and St. Petersburg, or if you are dealing with large factories or institutes, it may be more difficult to find English speakers. At the end of a formal visit, Russians like to exchange gifts. Usually, a company manager may present a pin or pen with a company logo. The foreign visitor should also bring a small gift -- pens, pins, cups, or plates with company logos are probably the best. Office hours are 0900-1800 Monday to Friday.

Crime

Recent police statistics for Moscow report an overall decline in crime, though drug-related crimes, murders, and kidnappings have increased, and street crime, sometimes violent, remains a continuing problem. Nevertheless, crimes against foreigners is a problem, especially in major cities. Pickpocketings, assaults, and robberies occur frequently and at any time or place. The most vulnerable areas include underground walkways and the subway, overnight trains, train stations, airports, markets, tourist attractions, restaurants, hotel rooms, and residences, even when locked or occupied. Groups of children are known to assault and rob foreigners on city streets or underground walkways. Foreigners who have been drinking alcohol are especially vulnerable to assault and robbery in or around nightclubs or bars, or on their way home. Robberies may occur in taxis shared with strangers. Travelers have found it safer to travel in groups organized by reputable tour agencies. Thieves, known as 'banditry' in Russian also frequently target hotel rooms. The Ukraina hotel is the site of the most frequent reported crimes. The hotel administration has established a consistent pattern of allowing thieves free access and failing to cooperate in investigating complaints. One foreigner awoke on his first night in Moscow to find two thieves letting themselves into his room with a passkey. When they started to carry out his still packed luggage he confronted them and received a three-inch gash across his throat and two slit nostrils for his trouble. Instead of cooperating with the police, the hotel administration slandered the victim, saying he was entertaining prostitutes in his room. There have been sporadic attacks on foreigners by "skinhead" groups in some Russian urban centers. Many of these attacks appear to target university students, particularly those of Asian and African origin. Travelers are urged to exercise caution in areas frequented by "skinhead" groups and wherever large groups have gathered. Demonstrations occur frequently in Moscow and other cities. While these demonstrations have been peaceful and controlled, it is best to avoid such gatherings. Extortion and corruption are common in the business environment. Organized criminal groups target foreign businesses in many cities and have been known to demand protection money under threat of serious violence. Many Western firms hire security services, which have improved their overall security, although this is no guarantee. Small businesses are particularly vulnerable. Since the mid-1990's, several foreign business people have been attacked, kidnapped, and even killed. Extortion attempts should be reported to the Russian authorities and the businessperson's embassy or consulate. Business people who utilize local services for banking, security and medical treatment should limit the information provided to the minimum required, as reports have been received indicating that some individuals working in these sectors have passed confidential credit/financial, banking and medical information to organized crime gangs who use it to make extortion threats against foreigners.

Hotels

While tourist facilities exist in Moscow and some other large cities, they are not developed in most of Russia and many of the goods and services taken for granted in other countries are not yet available. Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novgorod, Samara, Sochi and Vladivostok have western-style hotels, though priced at a premium compared with other major cities of the world. Outside the major cities, traditional Russian hotels often provide fairly modest accommodations, again for surprisingly high prices. It is possible to find remarkably well- appointed hotels in relatively small communities; it is also possible to find yourself temporarily without water or electricity when visiting other regions of Russia. As previously discussed, we recommend against staying at the Ukraina as foreigners staying there have often been victims of hotel theft.

Communications

Telephone IDD is available. Country code: 7. When dialing the Russian Federation from abroad, the 0 of the area code must not be omitted. Outgoing international code: 810. The Russian telecommunications system suffers from a lack of installed lines, outmoded switching equipment, and inadequate revenues to finance investment. The Ministry of Communications is dedicated to bringing the telecommunications infrastructure up to international norms as quickly as possible, and many multinational firms are vying for the opportunity to help in this undertaking. Although telephones, fax machines, and package delivery are available in Russia, they are often unreliable, especially outside the major cities (Moscow, St. Petersburg, etc.) and lengthy delays in service are not uncommon. International calls should be made through the hotel desk. Most international calls made from the cities of Moscow, St Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod can be dialed directly, but in smaller cities and towns it may be necessary to go through the international operator and these should be booked well in advance. Post office hours: 0900-1900.

Electricity

is 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Electricity 220 volts AC, 50Hz.

Plug Types

C,F

Food And Dining

The kind of food visitors will eat from day to day depends on which city they are visiting and the time of year. Breakfast is often similar to the Scandinavian, with cold meats, boiled eggs and bread served with Russian tea. For the midday and evening meal the food is often more traditional, again depending on the region.

National specialties:
? Kasha (porridge) is a staple breakfast dish, made with milk and oats, buckwheat or semolina.
? Blini (small pancakes filled with caviar, fish, melted butter or sour cream).
? Ponchiki (hot sugared doughnuts).
? Pirozhky (fried rolls with different fillings, usually meat).
? Borshch, a beetroot soup served hot with sour cream.
? Pelmeni (meat dumplings). Things to know: Drinks are ordered by grams or by the bottle. City-center bars close around midnight. National drinks:
? Chai (sweet tea served without milk).
? Vodka (often flavored and colored with herbs and spices such as zubrovka (a kind of grass), ryabinovka (steeped with rowan-tree berries), starka (dark, smooth, aged vodka) and pertsovka (with hot pepper). Posolskaya, Stolichnaya and Rossiskaya are popular brands.
? Krushon (cold 'punch'; champagne, brandy and summer fruit are poured into a hollowed watermelon and chilled for several hours).
? Nalivka (sweet liqueur made with fruit or berries).
? Nastoika is a fortified wine made of herbs, leaves, flowers, fruit and roots of plants with medicinal properties.

Tipping:
Hotels in Moscow and other large cities include a 10 to 15 per cent service charge. Otherwise 10 per cent is customary.

Nightlife
Theater, circus, concert and variety performances are the main evening entertainments. Tickets are available in advance or from ticket booths immediately before performances. Visitors should note that prices for foreigners are usually much higher than those paid by Russian nationals. The repertoire of theaters provides a change of program almost nightly. In the course of one month, 30 different productions may be presented by the Bolshoi Opera and Ballet Company. Details of performances can be obtained on arrival. Visitors should apply to the service bureau of their hotel. All of these establishments are open 0600-2200.

Entry departure requirements

Visa immigration information Passports Valid 10-year passport required by all. Note Whilst in the country, visitors must carry ID at all times. Rather than carry original documents, it is advisable to carry photocopies of passports and visas, which will facilitate replacement should either be stolen. Visas Required by all except the following, provided arriving from their country of origin: (a) nationals of CIS countries (except nationals of Georgia and Turkmenistan who do require visas); (b) nationals of Cuba for stays of up to 30 days; (c) nationals of Mongolia, provided visiting for purposes of business and holding letter of invitation and return tickets, or traveling as tourists and holding prepaid hotel vouchers; (d) transit passengers who are continuing their journey within 24 hours without leaving the transit area. Types of visa and cost Tourist, Business, Private and Transit: US$52 , if visa is processed in minimum eight working days. (Processing within three to five days costs US$103 ; next-day processing US$137 ; same-day processing US$155 ; processing within one hour US$206 ) An additional US$17 is payable for a double-entry visa. Multiple-entry: US$172 , standard six working days' processing (same-day processing costs US$258 ). Express: US$206 All French passport holders younger than 18 years pay half rate. Note (a) Nationals of some countries may have to pay a Consular fee in addition to the visa processing charges listed. Enquire at the Consulate or Consular section of Embassy for a list of nationals and prices. (b) Transit visas are required by all except passengers remaining in the transit zone of Moscow Sheremetievo airport for less than 24 hours. Validity Dependent on purpose of trip. Transit visas are valid for up to three days. Tourist visas are valid for up to one month. Private visas are valid for up to 90 days. Application to Consulate (or Consular section at Embassy); see Passport/Visa Information. Application requirements (a) Completed application form. (b) One recent passport-size photo stapled twice to upper-right corner of application form. (c) Passport valid for at least six months after visa expires, with at least two blank pages. (d) Fee, payable in cash only or postal orders for postal applications. (e) Postal applications must be accompanied by a large, pre-paid special delivery, self-addressed envelope. Tourist: (a)-(e) and, (f) Original tourist voucher (exchange order) issued by an authorized travel company stating their reference number, passenger names, dates of entry and exit, confirmation of payment, full itinerary, places to be visited, means of transportation and confirmation in Russian language. The voucher should be stamped and signed by an authorized person. (g) A standard tourist confirmation of acceptance (in the Russian language) issued by Russian tourist company or hotel accredited by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Russia, showing tourist reference number given by Russian Foreign Minister and names of applicants, full itinerary and dates of entry/exit. Private (for visiting relations or friends): (a)-(e) and, (f) Official original letter of invitation from Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs. Business: (a)-(e) and, (f) An official letter of invitation from company or organization in the Russian Federation responsible for visit, certified by the local branch of Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs. (g) An introductory letter from applicant's company stating purpose of visit, itinerary, dates of entry and exit, assuming financial responsibility for the visit and stating the companies to be visited. Transit: (a)-(d) and, (e) Original and copy of confirmed air ticket to and from the Russian Federation. Multiple-entry: (a)-(e) and, (f) Original and a copy of your confirmed air ticket to and from Russia. Note (a) Those who are traveling in groups (standard package tours, coach tours, international competitions and cruises) should submit all documentation to the tour operator making the travel arrangements. For visits to relatives/friends in the CIS, enquire at the Consulate for details of application procedures. (b) All travelers staying in the Russian Federation for longer than three days must register their visas through their hotel or sponsor. Private visitors must register with local police on arrival. For travel to Tajikistan, your invitation should be confirmed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan. (c) French nationals should also have their previous three months' bank statements, medical insurance and a copy of their tickets. (d) German nationals and all other Schengen country nationals, plus holders of Israeli or Estonian passports, should have travel insurance valid in the Russian Federation. (e) USA passport holders are required to fill out a special visa application form. (f) Since February 2003, every foreign citizen is given a migration card free of charge when they cross the Russian border. They must fill in their personal data, terms, purpose of visit and prospective place of residence and present the card when applying for registration within three days of arrival. The migration cards must be handed back upon departure. Working days required One to 12, depending on type of visa. Postal applications take at least eight to 12 days to process. Applications for visas may not be made earlier than three months before departure. Visas should be submitted 0900-1200; visas submitted 1500-1600 will be charged at the Express Visa fee. Exit visas Exit visas are required by all passengers who want to leave the country and are normally issued together with the entry visa. If the exit permit has not yet been issued by the representative of the Russian Federation which issued the visa, aliens should obtain it two days prior to departure at the latest from the Intourist Service Bureau in their hotel. Temporary residence Enquire at Embassy.

HIV entry requirements

Test required for anyone staying longer than 3 months

Departure tax

None

Embassies

Embassy of the Russian Federation in the UK 13 Kensington Palace Gardens, London W8 4QX, UK
Tel: (020) 7229 2666.
Website: www.great-britain.mid.ru

Consular section:
5 Kensington Palace Gardens, London W8 4QS, UK
Tel: (020) 7229 8027.
Website: https://www.rusemb.org.uk/consular/
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 0900-1200 (visa submission), 1400-1800.

Embassy of the Russian Federation in the USA

2650 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Tel: (202) 298 5700.
Website: www.russianembassy.org

Consular section:
2641 Tunlaw Road, NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Tel: (202) 939 8907.

Russian National Group in the USA
224 West 30th Street, Suite 701, New York, NY 10001.
Tel: (646) 473 2233 or (877) 221 7120 (toll-free in USA).
Website: www.russia-travel.com

Because of the security situation in the North Caucasus, travelers are advised against all travel to Chechnya, Ingushetia, Dagestan and to the eastern and southern parts of Stavropol Krai that border Chechnya and Dagestan. Travelers are advised against all but essential travel to North Ossetia, Karachai-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria (including the Elbrus area). There is a high threat from terrorism in Russia, including suicide bombings in public places. Attacks have occurred most frequently in Moscow and in the North Caucasus. Travelers should be vigilant at all times and also watch out for pickpockets and street crime, especially in large cities and in busy areas, eg railway concourses.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organisaions for the latest travel advice:

British Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Website: https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/russia

US Department of State
Website: https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel/International-Travel-Country-Information-Pages/RussianFederation.html

Currency

Rouble (RUB) = 100 kopeks. Notes are in denominations of RUB1000, 500, 100, 50 and 10. Coins are in denominations of RUB10, 5, 2 and 1, and 50, 10, 5 and 1 kopeks.

Currency restrictions

The import and export of local currency is prohibited. The import of foreign currency is US$10,000 but sums greater than $3000 (or equivalent) must be declared. The export of foreign currency is limited to the amount declared on arrival.

Banking hours

Mon-Fri 0930-1730.

Currency exchange

Foreign currency should only be exchanged at official bureaux and authorized banks, and all transactions must be recorded on the currency declaration form which is issued on arrival. It is wise to retain all exchange receipts. Bureaux de change are numerous and easy to locate. Large shops and hotels offer their own exchange facilities. US Dollars in pristine condition are the easiest currency to exchange. It is illegal to settle accounts in hard currency and to change money unofficially.

Credit cards

Major European and international credit and debit cards, including Visa and Mastercard, are accepted in the larger hotels and at foreign currency shops and restaurants, but cash (in Roubles) is preferred. American Express cards may be turned down, but cash (in Roubles) is preferred. Check with your credit or debit card company for details of merchant acceptability and other services that might be available. ATM machines are widely available.

Travellers cheques

Cash is preferred. To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travelers are advised to take traveller's cheques in US Dollars.

City/RegionCity/Area codeFollowed by
Abakan(8)39022+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Adigeya(8)877+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Altayskiy region(8)385+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Amur region(8)416+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Anadyr'(8)4272+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Arkhangelsk(8)8182+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Arkhangelsk region(8)818+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Astrakhan(8)8512+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Astrakhan region(8)851+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Barnaul(8)3852+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Bashkirskaya rep.(8)347+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Belgorod(8)4722+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Belgorod region(8)472+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Blagoveshensk(8)4162+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Bryansk(8)4832+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Bryansk region(8)483+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Buryatia region(8)301+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Cheboksary(8)8352+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Checheno-Ingushetia(8)871+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Chekhov(8)49672+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Chelyabinsk(8)3512+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Chelyabinsk region(8)351+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Cherepovets(8)820+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Chita region(8)302+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Chukotskyi region(8)427+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Chuvashija region(8)835+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Comm. networtk "Kalita"(8)49630+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Commer commun(8)49649+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Comy(8)821+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Dagestan(8)872+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Dmitrov(8)49622+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Domodedovo(8)49679+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Dubna(8)49621+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Egoryevsk(8)49640+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Ekaterinburg(8)3432+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Ekaterinburg region(8)343+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Elektrostal(8)49657+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Elista(8)8472+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Evreyskaya region(8)426+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Golitsino(8)49633+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Gorno-Altayskaya region(8)388+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Guandzha(8)895+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Ingushetia(8)873+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Irkutsk(8)3952+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Irkutsk region(8)395+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Istra(8)49631+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Ivanovo(8)4932+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Ivanovo region(8)493+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Izhevsk(8)3412+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Kabardino-Balkaria(8)866+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kaliningrad(8)4012+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Kaliningrad region(8)401+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kalmytskija region(8)847+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kaluga(8)4842+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Kaluga region(8)484+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kamchatka region(8)415+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Karachaevo-Cherkessia(8)878+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Karelskaya region(8)814+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kashira(8)49669+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Kazan(8)8432+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Kemerovo(8)3842+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Kemerovo region(8)384+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Khabarovsk(8)4212+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Khabarovsk region(8)421+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Khakasskaya region(8)390+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Khanty-Mansiysk(8)34671+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Khanty-Mansiysky region(8)346+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kirov(8)8332+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Kirov region(8)833+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Klimovsk(8)49676+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Klin(8)49624+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Kolomna(8)49661+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Komsomolsk-na-Amure(8)42172+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Kostroma(8)4942+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Kostroma region(8)494+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Krasnodar(8)8612+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Krasnodar region(8)861+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Krasnovodsk region(8)432+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Krasnoyarsk(8)3912+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Krasnoyarsk region(8)391+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kulyab region(8)431+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kurgan region(8)352+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kurgan-Tyubinsk region(8)433+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Kursk(8)4712+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Kursk region(8)471+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Leningrad region(8)813+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Lipetsk(8)4742+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Lipetsk region(8)474+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Lotoshino(8)49628+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Lukhovitsy(8)49663+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Magadan(8)4132+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Magadan region(8)413+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Magnitogorsk(8)3519+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Makhachkala(8)8722+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Marriyskaya region(8)836+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Mary region(8)370+ 7 digit subscriber nr
MCC(8)49690+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Mirny (Yakutskiy region)(8)41136+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Mordovia region(8)834+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Moscow(8)495+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Moscow (region)(8)499+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Moscow (suburban)(8)498+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Moscow region(8)496+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Mozhaisk(8)49638+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Murmansk(8)8152+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Murmansk region(8)815+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Naberezhnye Chelny(8)855+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Nakhichevan(8)891+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Nakhodka(8)42366+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Naro-Fominsk(8)49634+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Navoi region(8)436+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Nerungi(8)41147+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Nizhnevartovsk(8)3466+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Nizhniy Novgorod(8)8312+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Nizhniy Novgorod region(8)831+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Nizhniy Tagil(8)3435+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Noginsk(8)49651+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Novgorod region(8)816+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Novgorod Velikiy(8)8162+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Novocherkassk(8)86352+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Novokuznetsk(8)3843+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Novorossiysk(8)8617+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Novosibirsk(8)3832+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Novosibirsk region(8)383+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Omsk(8)3812+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Omsk region(8)381+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Orekhovo-Zuevo(8)49642+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Orel(8)4862+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Orel region(8)486+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Orenburg(8)3532+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Orenburg region(8)353+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Ozyory(8)49670+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Pavlovskiy-Posad(8)49643+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Penza(8)8412+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Penza region(8)841+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Perm'(8)3422+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Perm' region(8)342+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy(8)4152+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Petrozavodsk(8)8142+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Podolsk(8)49675+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Primorsky region(8)423+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Pskov(8)8112+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Pskov region(8)811+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Pushkino(8)49653+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Pyatigorsk(8)879+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Ramenskoe(8)49646+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Rostov -on-Don(8)8632+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Rostov region(8)863+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Ruza(8)49627+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Ryazan'(8)4912+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Ryazan' region(8)491+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Rybinsk(8)4855+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Sakhalin region(8)424+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Samara(8)8462+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Samara region(8)846+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Saratov(8)8452+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Saratov region(8)845+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Schyolkovo(8)49656+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Serebryanye Prudy(8)49667+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Sergiev Posad(8)49654+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Serpukhov(8)49677+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Severnaya Osetia(8)867+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Severodvinsk(8)81842+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Shakhovsk region(8)49637+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Shatura(8)49645+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Smolensk(8)4812+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Smolensk region(8)481+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Sochy(8)862+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Solnechnogorsk(8)49626+ 5 digit subscriber nr
St Petersburg(8)812+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Stavropol(8)8652+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Stavropol region(8)865+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Stupino(8)49664+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Surgut(8)3462+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Syktyvkar(8)8212+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Taldom(8)49620+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Tambov(8)4752+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Tambov region(8)475+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tatarstan(8)843+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tchernogolovka(8)49652+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Tolyatty(8)8482+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Tolyatty region(8)848+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tomsk(8)3822+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Tomsk region(8)382+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tula(8)4872+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Tula region(8)487+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tumen(8)3452+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Tumen region(8)349+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tuva region(8)394+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tver(8)4822+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Tver region(8)482+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Tynda(8)41656+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Tyumen region(8)345+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Udmurtija(8)341+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Ufa(8)3472+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Ulianovsk(8)8422+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Ulyanovsk region(8)842+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Ussuriysk(8)42341+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Uzhno-Sakhalinsk(8)4242+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Vladimir(8)4922+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Vladimir region(8)492+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Vladivostok(8)4232+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Volgograd(8)8442+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Volgograd region(8)844+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Vologda(8)8172+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Vologda region(8)817+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Volokolamsk(8)49636+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Voronezh(8)4732+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Voronezh region(8)473+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Voskresensk(8)49644+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Yakutsk(8)4112+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Yakutsk region(8)411+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Yaroslavl'(8)4852+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Yaroslavl' region(8)485+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Yuzhnaya Osetia(8)884+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Zaraysk(8)49666+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Zheleznogorsk-Ilimsky(8)39566+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Zhukovsky(8)49648+ 5 digit subscriber nr
Zvenigorod(8)49632+ 5 digit subscriber nr
  1. Health Information
  2. Recent Disease Outbreaks
  3. Hospital Database

Dental care

Avoid dental treatment as the standards of care and hygiene cannot be guaranteed.

Medication Availability

Little international brand medication is available outside of Moscow or St Petersburg. If medication is required in these cities use the larger, reputable pharmacies where you are less likely to find counterfeits

Blood supplies

Screening is inconsistent in Russia, therefore blood supplies should be considered as unsafe

Medical facilities

Medical care is usually far below Western standards, with severe shortages of basic medical supplies. Access to the few quality facilities that exist in major cities usually requires cash payment at Western rates upon admission.

General caution

Recent medical and dental exams should ensure that the traveler is in good health. Carry appropriate health and accident insurance documents and copies of any important medical records. Bring an adequate supply of all prescription and other medications as well as any necessary personal hygiene items, including a spare pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses if necessary. Drink only bottled beverages (including water) or beverages made with boiled water. Do not use ice cubes or eat raw seafood or rare meat. Eat well-cooked foods while they are still hot and fruits that can be peeled without contamination. Avoid roadside stands and street vendors. Only pasteurized dairy products should be consumed.

Specific concerns

Press reports indicate increased incidences of diphtheria and other communicable diseases, and CDC reports a severe shortage of vaccines to combat these diseases. Health officials state the situation is particularly bad in the cities of St. Petersburg, Moscow, Krasnodar and Vladivostok, as well as in the Far East, including Primorsky, Maritime and Saratov regions. Travelers to Russia should be up-to-date on routine and recommended immunizations and are reminded to strictly follow food and beverage precautions. AIDS occurs. Blood supply may not be adequately screened and/or single-use, disposable needles and syringes may be unavailable. When possible, travelers should defer medical treatment until reaching a facility where safety can be assured. According to CDC, breakdowns in water purification plants have led to significantly higher rates of gastroenteritis, hepatitis A and bacterial dysentery. Also, a report from the country's Environment Ministry states that half of the country's population must rely on substandard drinking water. The intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia has been linked to St. Petersburg's water supply - which should be considered contaminated under all circumstances. Hikers should take protective measures against ticks.

Immunization

Hepatitis A: Consider active immunization with hepatitis A vaccine or passive immunization with immune globulin (IG) for all susceptible travelers. Especially consider choosing active immunization for persons planning to reside for a long period or for persons who take frequent short-term trips to risk areas. The importance of protection against hepatitis A increases as length of stay increases. It is particularly important for persons who will be living in or visiting rural areas, eating or drinking in settings of poor or uncertain sanitation, or who will have close contact with local persons (especially young children) in settings with poor sanitary conditions. Hepatitis B: Vaccination is advised for health care workers, persons anticipating direct contact with blood from or sexual contact with inhabitants, and persons planning extended stays of 6 months or greater (especially those who anticipate using local health care facilities, staying in rural areas, or having intimate contact with the local population). Japanese Encephalitis: Consider vaccination if staying a month or more in the far eastern maritime areas south of Khabarovsk from July to September, especially if travel includes rural areas. Also consider if staying less than 30 days during that period and at high risk (in case of epidemic outbreak or extensive outdoor exposure in rural areas). Polio: A one-time booster dose is recommended for travelers who have previously completed a standard course of polio immunization. Refer to CDC guidelines for vaccinating unimmunized or incompletely immunized persons. Pregnancy is a relative contraindication to vaccination; however, if protection is needed, either IPV or OPV may be used, depending on preference and time available. Typhoid: Vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 3 weeks, adventurous eaters, and those who will venture off the usual tourist routes into small cities, villages and rural areas. Importance of vaccination increases as access to reasonable medical care becomes limited. Contraindications depend on vaccine type. Note: All routine vaccines (such as DTP or Td, Hib, MMR, polio, varicella, influenza and pneumococcal) should be kept up-to-date as a matter of good health practice unrelated to travel.

Disease risk summary

Health conditions and sanitation in Moscow and other large cities, formerly on par with U.S. and European standards, have deteriorated in recent years. Conditions in smaller cities and villages are below the standards of industrialized countries. Insect-borne illness: Encephalitis (Japanese type) - occurs in southeast (human cases reported in recent past for first time in 30 years) Encephalitis (tick-borne) - occurs in southern Siberia and forested areas bordering southeastern Europe Hemorrhagic fever - occurs in southern Siberia Leishmaniasis (cutaneous) - occurs in southern areas Lyme disease - occurs Typhus (tick-borne) - occurs in eastern and central Siberia Food-borne and water-borne illness: Cholera - occurs Diphyllobothriasis (fish tapeworm) may be a problem in the Baltic Sea area Giardiasis - occurs in western areas Other hazards: Diseases such as measles and diphtheria are commonly reported, and cases of polio still occur regularly. According to the CDC, a decrease in immunization practices since the late 1980s has led to significantly higher rates of several diseases, including diphtheria. While proof of diphtheria immunity is not required for international travel, the CDC recommends that travelers to areas where diphtheria is occurring should be immunized. Influenza risk extends from November to April. Rabies - occurs (especially among foxes in rural areas)

Entry requirements

AIDS: According to the Department of State and the Russian Consulate General in New York, a certificate showing an HIV negative status is required for any person applying for a visa for a stay of more than 3 months. The certificate must contain the applicant's passport data, proposed length of stay in Russia, blood test results for HIV infection, including date of the test, signature of the doctor conducting the test, medical examination results, diagnostic series, and seal of the hospital or medical organization. The certificate must be in both Russian and English and valid for 3 months from the date of medical examination and blood test. Foreign test results are accepted under certain conditions. Contact Russia's embassy for details. Diphtheria: A number of travelers to Russia have recently been informed that diphtheria vaccination is necessary for entering Moscow. Per Mr. Goryachev in the Russia Consulate in New York, an up-to-date diphtheria vaccination is recommended, although not required. Mr. Goryachev also provided the following toll-free number (from the U.S.) for an automated fax service regarding current visa requirements: (800) 634-4296. Callers must use a touch-tone phone to type in their own fax machine number.

Recent disease outbreaks

No recent disease outbreaks

NameAddress
Adventist Health Center(Adventistsky Tsentr Zdorov'ya) Prospect 60 Letiya Oktyabrya 21-A Moscow 117036
American Hospital of Moscow26/6 pr. Mira (1, Grokholsky Pereulok) Moscow 129090
American Medical Clinic78 Moika Embankment St. Petersburg 190000
Andros Clinic36A Lenin Street, 1st floor St. Petersburg 197136
Canadian Medical CentreSuite 402 Venetzia Hotel Nizhnevartovsk 626440 Tyumen Region
Central Clinical Hospital of the Medical Center of the Administration of the President of the Russia15, Marshal Timoshenko Street Moscow 121259
Euromed ClinicSuvorovskiy prospekt 60 St. Petersburg 193124
European Dental CenterKonushkovskaya ul. 34 Moscow 123242
European Medical CenterSpiridonevsky Per. 5 Moscow 103104
Hospital #1224 Prospekt Kultury St. Petersburg 194291
International SOS ClinicYuuzhno Sakhalin
International SOS Clinic Moscow31,Grokholsky Pereulok 10th Floor Moscow 129010
Medincentre4-th Dobrininsky Lane House 4 Moscow 117049
Nevamed14 Ismailovsky Prospekt St. Petersburg 198058
OAO Medicina10,2-nd Tverskoy-Yamskoy per., Moscow 125047
The International ClinicGriffin House 19/21 Dostoevskogo Street St. Petersburg 121014
ZAO International Medical ClinicPolyclinic No. 1 10th Floor 31 Grokholsky Pereulok Moscow 129010

Media

Over recent years, the Kremlin has secured greater control over Russia's media.
Press: The main dailies in the Russian Federation are Izvestiya (website: www.izvestia.ru) and Komsomolskaya Pravda (website: www.kp.ru), both published in Moscow. Newspapers and magazines are published in some 25 languages. Multilingual editions of the Moscow News (website: www.english.mn.ru) are available weekly. The Moscow Times (website: www.themoscowtimes.com) and St Petersburg Times are published in English. There is also a daily Internet newspaper, Russia Today (website: www.russiatoday.com).
TV: Russia TV Channel is state-owned. NTV is a national netowork owned by the gas company, Gazprom. Center TV is a commerical network and Russia Today is an international English news channel. Other networks include Channel One and Ren TV.
Radio: Radio Russia and Radio Mayak are state-run networks. Russkoye Radio and Moscow Echo are privately run. Voice of Russia operates programs in English and other languages.

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