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Romania Country Guide

  1. Country Facts
  2. Health
  3. Media
  1. Intro
  2. Geography
  3. People
  4. Travel
  5. Embassies & Visas
  6. Finance
  7. Cities/Regions

Quick Facts

Region: Europe
Full Name: Romania
Capital City: Bucharest
Language Spoken: Romanian (official), Hungarian, German

Romania Travel Insurance

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flag-romania

Geographic data

46 00 N, 25 00 E

Elevation Extremes

lowest point: Black Sea 0 m highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

Land boundaries

total: 2,508 km border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km

Natural hazards

earthquakes, most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides

Natural resources

petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

Land use

arable land: 39.49% permanent crops: 1.92% other: 58.59% (2005)

Environmental current issues

soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands

Climate

Summer temperatures are moderated on the coast by sea breezes while inland at sea level it is hot. Winters are coldest in the Carpathian Mountains where there is snow from December through to April. Snow also falls throughout most of the country. Winters are mildest on the coast. Required clothing Lightweights are worn in summer on the coast and in low inland areas. Warmer clothes are needed in winter and throughout the year in the uplands. Rainwear is recommended throughout the year.

Time difference

time difference: UTC+2 daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Population

22,303,552 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 15.7% (male 1,799,072/female 1,708,030) 15-64 years: 69.6% (male 7,724,368/female 7,797,065) 65 years and over: 14.7% (male 1,347,392/female 1,927,625) (2006 est.)

Median age

total: 36.6 years male: 35.3 years female: 37.9 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.12% (2006 est.)

Birth rate

10.7 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate

11.77 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate

-0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 71.63 years male: 68.14 years female: 75.34 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.37 children born/woman (2006 est.)

Business Practices

A suit is essential at all business meetings and only on very hot days are shirt-sleeves acceptable. English, German and French are used in business circles. Appointments are necessary and punctuality expected. Shaking hands is the normal form of greeting. It is important to take business cards to meetings and to give a card to each person present. Office hours are 0700-1530 Monday to Friday.

Crime

Maintain at least the same level of personal security awareness as in the UK or the USA. Be alert to the risk of petty theft in large towns, especially in Bucharest, and for pickpockets and bag snatchers in crowded areas, particularly near exchange shops, hotels, on public transport (especially to the airport), main railway stations and inside airport areas. Corruption is widespread. There have been reports of policemen stopping foreign cars and demanding payment of fines in hard currency for spurious offences. Bogus policemen may also approach pedestrians and ask to check their documents as a way of stealing cash. If approached in this way, you should decline to pay any fine or hand over any documents but offer instead to go with them to the nearest police station. There are reports of thefts of valuables, including passports, from hotel rooms. Items of value, including passports and credit cards should be deposited in hotel safes. Carry a photocopy of the information pages of your passport as ID. There are reports of credit or charge cards being "copied" when used in some bars and restaurants, resulting in illegal charges being raised against the user account.

Hotels

Romania offers a wide variety of hotels and long-term living accommodations that can be reserved through international travel agents or by direct contact. Payment for accommodation, meals, and other services can be in lei, convertible currency, travelers' cheques, or by major credit cards. Most foreign currencies (pounds, dollars, marks, etc.) are easily exchanged and very widely accepted as a payment medium. It is advisable to reserve hotel accommodations before arriving in Romania, especially during peak periods.

Communications

Telephone IDD service is available. The country code is 40. Most outgoing calls are made through the operator ? dial 991 for internal collect calls and 971 for international operator assistance. The outgoing international code is 00. Local telephone service is automatic and fairly dependable. International telephone and telegraph connections are generally good, but delays may occur in placing calls, and they are quite expensive, with price per minute rising with the length of the call. Fax facilities are available at most large hotels. Post offices are open daily, including Saturday mornings.

Electricity

is 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are of the 2-pin type. Electricity 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are of the two-pin type.

Plug Types

C,F

Food And Dining

The Romanians excel in full-bodied soups, some of the best being cream of mushroom, chicken, beef, vegetable and bean soup. Sour cream or eggs are also added to soups. Breakfasts almost always include eggs, either soft-boiled, hard-boiled, fried or scrambled. Omelettes, filled with either cheese, ham or mushrooms, are also frequently served. Vegetarians may have difficulties, as most local specialties are meat-based. Although there are inexpensive self-service snack bars, table service is the norm.

National specialties:
? Soups: Ciorba de perisoare (soup with meatballs), ciorba t?r?neasc? (vegetable soup with meat and rice balls served with sour cream), giblet soup and a variety of fish soups.
? Moldavian parjoale (flat meat patties, highly spiced and served with garnishes).
? Mamaliga (a staple of mashed cornmeal).
? Nisetru la gratar (grilled Black Sea sturgeon).
? Pasca (a sweet cheesecake). National drinks:
? Tuic? (plum brandy) and Tuic? de Bihor (strong brandy, generally known as palinca).
? Wines: Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, Pinot Gris and Chardonnay from the Murfatlar vineyards. Grasa and Feteasa from Moldavia's Cotnari vineyards.
? Sparkling wines.
? Gl?hwein (mulled wine). There are no licensing hours, but the legal age for drinking in a bar is 18.

Tipping:
A five to 10 per cent service tip is customary in restaurants. Porters, chambermaids and taxi drivers expect tips.

Nightlife
Bucharest has a growing number of discos and nightclubs with entertainment and live dancing. Restaurants at most major hotels double as nightclubs and there are also several Parisian-style cafes. Two casinos operate in the Calea Victoriei. Opera is performed at the Romanian Opera House and the Romanian Athenaeum has two symphony orchestras. Folk entertainment is performed at the Rapsodia Romana Artistic Ensemble Hall and there are a number of theaters.

Entry departure requirements

* Please see visa section

Visa immigration information

Passports

Passport valid for a minimum of six months after return from Romania required by all with at least one blank page.

Visas

Required by all except the following:
(a) 1. nationals mentioned in the chart above for up to 90 days, except nationals of Czech Republic, Poland and Slovak Republic who can stay for up to 30 days; and all nationals of Australia who do require a visa;
(b) nationals of Andorra, Costa Rica, Iceland, Korea (Rep), Liechtenstein, Malaysia, Monaco, Republic of Moldova, Norway, San Marino, Switzerland and Venezuela for stays of up to 90 days within six months of date of arrival;
(c) nationals of Uruguay for stays of up to 90 days within 12 months of arrival;
(d) nationals of Bulgaria, Croatia and Singapore for stays of up to 30 days;
(e) transit passengers continuing their journey by the same or first connecting aircraft within 24 hours provided holding valid onward or return documentation and not leaving the airport except for nationals of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Congo (Dem Rep), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia and Sri Lanka who always require transit visas.
Note: All other nationals require a visa which must be applied for prior to arrival. There are no visas issued on arrival.

Special requirements

Nationals of the following need an official notarized invitation from a company or individual in Romania, which may be faxed by the Embassy to the Romanian Passport General Directorate or any of the Romania County Passport Authorities for approval (allow at least 30 days):
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaidjan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, China (PR), Chad, CIS (except Moldova, Russian Federation and Ukraine), Comoros, Congo (Dem Rep), Congo (Rep), C?te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea (Dem Rep), Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, The Philippines, Rwanda, S?o Tom? e Pr?ncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, The Syrian Arab Republic, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen and Zambia (if these nationals are married to Romanian nationals the relevant certificate should be produced).

Note

Nationals of EU member states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland can extend their stay in Romania by submitting an application to the Romanian authorities 30 days before their initial right to stay expires.

Types of visa and cost

Single-entry: US$60 (business, conference and family visits or individual tourist). Transit: US$46 (single-entry); US$60 (double-entry). Multiple-entry: US$103 valid for six months and not renewable. An additional fee of US$12 is charged for each person included in the passport if traveling with the owner.

Note

Multiple-entry visas will not be issued to nationals listed under Special Requirements above, even if the purpose of their visit is for business.

Validity

Single-entry: Six months from date of issue for stays of up to 90 days. Multiple-entry: Six months from date of issue for stays of up to 90 days each visit. Transit: Five days maximum (for both single- and double-entry).

Application to

Consulate (or Consular section at Embassy); see Passport/Visa Information. Applicants for multiple-entry business visas must apply in their own country.

Application requirements

(a) Passport valid for at least six months after visa expires with a blank page to affix visa stamp. (b) One completed application form. (c) Two recent passport-size photos. (d) Fee (paid in cash or by postal order only). (e) Postal applications should be accompanied by a registered, self-addressed envelope. (f) Medical Insurance. (g) Proof of financial means in amount of $100 per day or the equivalent value in convertible currency for the entire period of time. Tourist (a)-(g) and, (h) Letter from travel agent or a hotel booking in Romania. Business: (a)-(g) and, (h) Letter from employer and invitation from company in Romania. Student: (a)-(g) and, (h) Evidence of enrollment on course. Transit: (a)-(g) and, (h) Ticket for onward travel with visa if required.

Note

All nationals are advised to check with the Romanian Consulate prior to departure to obtain current details of any further documentation which might be required.

Working days required

Visas take up to a maximum of 30 days to be issued, depending on type of visa and nationality. Travelers are advised to apply for a visa at least a month in advance.

Temporary residence

Enquire at Embassy.

HIV entry requirements

No Test Required

Departure tax

None

Embassies

Embassy of Romania in the UK

Arundel House, 4 Palace Green, London W8 4QD, UK
Tel: (020) 7937 9666/7.
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 0900-1700; Mon-Thurs 1000-1300 (visa section).
Website: http://londra.mae.ro/en

Embassy of Romania in the USA

1607 23rd Street, NW, Washington, DC 20008, USA
Tel: (202) 332 4846/8.
Website: http://washington.mae.ro/en

Travel Warnings

Most visits to Romania are trouble-free but you should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate international terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
Beware of pickpockets and other petty thieves in crowded areas.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organizations for the latest travel advice.

British Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Website: https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/romania

US Department of State

Website: https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel/International-Travel-Country-Information-Pages/Romania.html

Currency

Leu (plural Lei) = 100 bani; Old notes are in denominations of Lei1,000,000, 500,000, 100,000, 50,000 and 10,000. Old coins are in denominations of Lei5000, 1000, 500, 100 and 1. New notes are in denominations of Lei500, 100, 50, 10, 5 and 1. New coins are in denominations of Bani: 50, 10, 5 and 1. Note: As of 1 July 2005, Romania's legal tender, previously coded as ROL, has been redenominated so that ROL 10,000 are exchanged for 1 new Leu (RON). The old Leu will be legal tender until the end of December 2006.

Currency restrictions

The import of local currency is prohibited (unless in possession of a special license); the export of local currency is prohibited. The import of foreign currency is limited to $10,000; the export of foreign currency is limited to the amount imported.

Banking hours

Mon-Fri 0900-1300.

Currency exchange

It is recommended that visitors bring hard currency, particularly US Dollars, as this can be easily and even eagerly exchanged by shops, restaurants and hotels. Sterling can be easily exchanged in most resorts. All hard foreign currencies can be exchanged at banks, larger hotels and airports and at authorized exchange offices (Birou de Schimb Valutar). Rates can vary from one place to another, so visitors are advised to shop around for the best rate of exchange. Exchanges on the black market are made frequently, but visitors are advised to exchange money through proper exchange channels and to receive a currency exchange receipt, as certain services require visitors to show the receipt as proof of having made at least one financial transaction. ATMs (bancomat) accepting MasterCard and Visa can be found in main banks, airports and shopping centers but should not be relied upon as a sole source of cash.

Credit cards

American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa are accepted by large hotels, car hire firms and some restaurants and shops. Check with your credit or debit card company for details of merchant acceptability and other services which may be available.

Travellers cheques

Like credit and debit cards, these are usually only useful in hotels and for obtaining cash at the bank or selected exchange offices. To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travelers are advised to take traveller's cheques in US Dollars or Euros.

City/RegionCity/Area codeFollowed by
Adjud(0)337+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Alba(0)358+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Amara(0)343+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Arad(0)357+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Arges(0)348+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Bacau(0)334+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Bihor(0)359+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Bistrita(0)363+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Botosani(0)331+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Braila(0)339+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Brasov(0)368+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Bucuresti (Bucharest)(0)31+ 7 digit subscriber nr
Buzau(0)338+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Calarasi(0)342+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Caras - Severin(0)355+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Cluj(0)364+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Constanta(0)341+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Covasna(0)367+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Dambovita(0)345+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Dolj(0)351+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Galati(0)336+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Giurgiu(0)346+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Gorj(0)353+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Harghita(0)366+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Hunedoara(0)354+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Iasi(0)332+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Manastirea Neamt(0)333+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Maramures(0)362+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Mehedinti(0)352+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Mures(0)365+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Olt(0)349+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Prahova(0)344+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Salaj(0)360+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Satu Mare(0)361+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Sibiu(0)369+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Suceava(0)330+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Teleorman(0)347+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Timis(0)356+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Tulcea(0)340+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Valcea(0)350+ 6 digit subscriber nr
Vaslui(0)335+ 6 digit subscriber nr
  1. Health Information
  2. Recent Disease Outbreaks
  3. Hospital Database

Dental care

Good quality dental care is available in Bucharest.

Medication Availability

Some international medication is available from the larger pharmacies and hospitals in the larger towns and cities.

Blood supplies

Screening is inconsistent in Romania, therefore blood supplies should be considered as unsafe

Medical facilities

Medical care in Romania is limited. Basic medical supplies are scarce. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.

General caution

Recent medical and dental exams should ensure that the traveler is in good health. Carry appropriate health and accident insurance documents and copies of any important medical records. Bring an adequate supply of all prescription and other medications as well as any necessary personal hygiene items, including a spare pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses if necessary. Drink only bottled beverages (including water) or beverages made with boiled water. Do not use ice cubes or eat raw seafood or rare meat. Eat well-cooked foods while they are still hot and fruits that can be peeled without contamination. Avoid roadside stands and street vendors. Only pasteurized dairy products should be consumed.

Specific concerns

AIDS occurs. Blood supply may not be adequately screened and/or single-use, disposable needles and syringes may be unavailable. When possible, travelers should defer medical treatment until reaching a facility where safety can be assured. In winter, soot from wood burning and soft coal aggravates some sinus problems and allergies. Hikers should take protective measures against ticks.

Immunization

Hepatitis A: Consider active immunization with hepatitis A vaccine or passive immunization with immune globulin (IG) for all susceptible travelers. Especially consider choosing active immunization for persons planning to reside for a long period or for persons who take frequent short-term trips to risk areas. The importance of protection against hepatitis A increases as length of stay increases. It is particularly important for persons who will be living in or visiting rural areas, eating or drinking in settings of poor or uncertain sanitation, or who will have close contact with local persons (especially young children) in settings with poor sanitary conditions. Hepatitis B: Vaccination is advised for health care workers, persons anticipating direct contact with blood from or sexual contact with inhabitants, and persons planning extended stays of 6 months or greater (especially those who anticipate using local health care facilities, staying in rural areas, or having intimate contact with the local population). Polio: A one-time booster dose is recommended for travelers who have previously completed a standard course of polio immunization. Refer to CDC guidelines for vaccinating unimmunized or incompletely immunized persons. Pregnancy is a relative contraindication to vaccination; however, if protection is needed, either IPV or OPV may be used, depending on preference and time available. Typhoid: Vaccination should be considered for persons staying longer than 3 weeks, adventurous eaters, and those who will venture off the usual tourist routes into small cities, villages and rural areas. Importance of vaccination increases as access to reasonable medical care becomes limited. Contraindications depend on vaccine type. Note: All routine vaccines (such as DTP or Td, Hib, MMR, polio, varicella, influenza and pneumococcal) should be kept up-to-date as a matter of good health practice unrelated to travel.

Disease risk summary

Weather and local sanitation present no unusual health hazards. Insect-borne illness: Encephalitis (tick-borne) - occurs Hemorrhagic fever - occurs Lyme disease - occurs West Nile fever -- occurs (more commonly a problem in the southeast region) Food- and water-borne illness: Brucellosis - occurs Cholera - occurs Other hazards: Diseases such as measles and diphtheria are commonly reported, and cases of polio still occur regularly. Influenza risk extends from November to April. Rabies - occurs in animals

Entry requirements

None.

Recent disease outbreaks

No recent disease outbreaks

NameAddress
BIO MEDICA Medical CenterBIO MEDICA Centru Medical 111-113 Calea Floreasca Street Sector 1 Bucharest
Bio-Medica International42 Mihai Eminescu Street Sector 1 Bucharest
Emergency Hospital BucharestSpitalul Clinic de Urgenta Floreasca Calea Floreasca 8 Sector 1 Bucharest
ICC American Medical Center S. A.70 Dragos Voda Street Bucharest Sector 2
Medicover Center Cluj34-36 Cheorghe Bilascu St. Cluj
Medicover Center Plevnei96 Calea Plevnei B1. 10D1 Sector 1 Bucharest Bucharest
Medicover Center Titulescu16E Lovinescu St. Sector 1 Bucharest Bucharest
Unirea Medical Center57 Unirii Blvd Block E4, Tronson 1 Parter Sector 3 Bucharest
University Hospital BucharestSpllriul Indipendence 169 Bucharest 5 76251
Village Medical ClinicFrench Village PO Box 25-9 119Soseaua Nordului Sector 1 Bucharest

Media

The media scene is Romania is one of the most dynamic in southeastern Europe. The 1991 constitution upholds freedom of expression, but prohibits 'defamation of the country'. The first private radio stations appeared in 1990; there are now more than 100 of them. State-run Radio Romania operates four national networks and regional and local stations. Romania's newspapers thrived after the 1989 revolution, but many subsequently closed because of rising costs. State-owned Romania 1 and the private commercial stations Pro TV and Antena 1 command the lion's share of television viewing. There are also many smaller, private TV stations, some of them part of local networks. The state broadcaster, TVR, operates a second national network, TVR 2, and a pan-European satellite channel. Pay TV channels have a smaller audience. There are hundreds of cable distributors offering access to Romanian, European and other stations and many households in Bucharest have cable TV.
Press: English newspapers and publications include Bucharest Business Week, Nine O'Clock (website: www.nineoclock.ro) and Romanian Economic Daily. There are a great number of daily and weekly newspapers published in Romanian, Hungarian and German. Daily papers include Adevarul, Libertatea, Evenimentul Zillei and Romania Libera.
Radio: Radio Romania is state-owned. Commercial networks include: Europa FM, Kiss FM, Pro FM and Radio 21. The BBC World Service is available on FM in the capital. Television: TVR operated Romania 1 and TVR 2. Commercial networks include: Antena 1, Pro TV, Prima TV, Acasa TV and Realitatea TV.

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